People in prison are more likely to have used drugs compared with the general population, and they are more likely to have engaged in risky forms of drug use, like injection. Many of those in prison have complex health needs, including drug-related problems, and assessment and treatment of drug-related problems is important in prison. Two important principles to guide the provision of healthcare in prisons are 'equivalence of care' with that provided in the community and 'continuity of care' on admission and at prison release.
This report provides an overview of current knowledge and the latest developments in the field of drug use and prison in Europe. The report explores in depth the epidemiology of drug use and drug-related problems among the prison population, the available social and health service responses to drug-related problems in prison, including the most recent evidence of effectiveness, and the drug supply and markets inside prison. It also discusses recent and future challenges in this area.