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Table DRD-2. Number of drug-induced deaths recorded in EU Member States according to national definitions

Part (iii) Female drug-induced deaths, 1995 to 2010

Country1995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010
Belgium372926820::::1428:::::
Bulgaria2:266362258381857
Czech Republic(1)::::::14137116638106
Denmark65656769606568:::4660615461:
Germany254238250258294318289237231204201206203191199176
Estonia::11466551059771312
Ireland:::171431283830324743414645:
Greece14202329201921171821262713558
Spain(2)575648373838442645394244262134:
Spain(3)::::978699908110211289577076:
France705743182456625748576263698366:
Italy11313888961058588426351515960554442
Cyprus:::::::::1111112
Latvia::::132713323711
Lithuania26885654752510465
Luxembourg5431273223017340
Hungary:1988675:66522833
Malta::::110201121111
Netherlands19252016202732242520333124262524
Austria29262315343522253038434239353730
Poland645688961131291101389088118967710273:
Portugal:::::::::::::726
Romania:::::02011111214
Slovenia::342413726811734
Slovakia:::::::::4732554
Finland14453023322532282539313127494539
Sweden142417242333343542244036565863:
United Kingdom (DSD)(4)316298325376369335432418390392435432423559519538
Croatia:::243725115811739
Turkey::::::::::16108207
Norway:2730505763766062835864585363:
Totals101810771055112313091344143712471173121713761322126414641376:
 

Notes:

Absolute numbers from different countries are not directly comparable since differences remain in case definition and recording methods.

The national definitions used to report to the EMCDDA and the methods used are described in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

National definitions usually refer to acute deaths directly related to drug consumption (‘overdoses’, ‘poisonings’ or ‘drug-induced’). Note that, in a few countries, the figures include also a limited number of cases of deaths indirectly related to drug use (e.g. AIDS, accidents with positive toxicology). See Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions. Note in addition that in some countries, statistics published at national level may differ from those presented here, owing to differences of case definition used at national level.

(1) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases.

(2) Data refer to the six major cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza, Sevilla and Bilbao. Between 1997 and 2000 data for Sevilla are not included. In 2003 and 2004, data for Zaragoza are not included.

(3) Data refer to the whole country.

(4) United Kingdom (DSD): Figures from the Drug Strategy Definition (DSD) of drug-induced deaths: it is an extract from the ONS definition that includes cases with drugs controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971. For details refer to the Methods and definitions summary document in this Statistical bulletin. The DSD definition is relatively similar to the EMCDDA definition for general mortality registries(Selection B).

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

Sources:

Reitox national reports 2011, taken from national mortality registries or special registries (forensic or police). Based on ‘National definitions’ as presented in Drug-related deaths – methods and definitions.

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The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Monday, 09 July 2012