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Table DRD-2. Number of drug-induced deaths recorded in EU Member States according to national definitions

Part (i) Total drug-induced deaths, 1995 to 2010

Country1995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010
Belgium13213712348113::::74105:::::
Bulgaria19111621284124131526402952743841
Czech Republic(1):::61798084445557624240444955
Denmark214242256243239247258:::275227211208222:
Germany1565171215011674181220301835151314771385132612961394144913311237
Estonia::4722314586369857688167133101
Ireland:::104115113109127109128173188205212203:
Greece(2)176222232245265304321259217255343276254212214153
Spain(3)371381321271258254240204274212237218188139181:
Spain(4)698690711689761705666667643679665518519540442:
France465393228143118247272242231267301305333374365:
Italy119515661160108010021016825520517653653551606517484374
Cyprus:::::::::14971211129
Latvia:15332423635121414172024197
Lithuania9233432374535334038316272606851
Luxembourg221791617261811141381927101412
Hungary:524731423840:3234282525273117
Malta12555678568711865
Netherlands701081081101151311441031041271221129912913994
Austria(5)170191136109128167139139163185191197175169187170
Poland175179253235292310294324277231290241214244247:
Portugal:::::::::::::945652
Romania:::::01237762132333234
Slovenia::1319231921262225362642362825
Slovakia:::::::::23172017252220
Finland51107988411913411097101135126138143169175156
Sweden70122133138157194204203188170186172232241267:
United Kingdom (ONS)(6)3012311833033464365234803679346131683378330533063352375436773517
United Kingdom (DSD)(7)1341144015521726194619182165203417881877198020362231256924812334
Croatia473336344851645257888472115876173
Turkey::::::::::2651147159153126
Norway(8)143195185274237360398291255303234251275263285:
Totals651674106806707977048204806267786308682472866851732278097550:
 

Notes:

A longer time series, dating back to 1985 for reporting countries, is available in the Supplementary tables section of this Statistical bulletin.

Absolute numbers from different countries are not directly comparable since differences remain in case definition and recording methods.

The national definitions used to report to the EMCDDA and the methods used are described in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

National definitions usually refer to acute deaths directly related to drug consumption (‘overdoses’, ‘poisonings’ or ‘drug-induced’). Note that, in a few countries, the figures include also a limited number of cases of deaths indirectly related to drug use (e.g. AIDS, accidents with positive toxicology). See Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions. Note in addition that in some countries, statistics published at national level may differ from those presented here, owing to differences of case definition used at national level.

(1) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases.

(2) From 2005 onwards the numbers used refer to the reported number of deaths.

(3) Data refer to the six major cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza, Sevilla and Bilbao. Between 1997 and 2000 data for Sevilla are not included. In 2003 and 2004 data for Zaragoza are not included.

(4) Data refer to the whole country.

(5) In the year 2008 the number cases on which no autopsy has been performed tripled (up to 32 cases) and was still 19 in 2009 and is 17 for 2010 in comparison with previous years.

(6) United Kingdom (ONS): Definition used by Office for National Statistics (ONS).

(7) United Kingdom (DSD): Figures from the Drug Strategy Definition (DSD) of drug-induced deaths: it is an extract from the ONS definition that includes cases with drugs controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971. For details refer to the Methods and Definitions Summary document in this Statistical bulletin. The DSD definition is relatively similar to the EMCDDA definition for general mortality registries(Selection B). Only this figure from the United Kingdom (and not the ONS figures) are included in the ‘Totals’ for the EU.

(8) Until 2002 the national definition did not include ‘intentional poisoning’ (ICD codes:X61,X62). From 2003 Selection B has become the national definition.

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

Sources:

Reitox national reports 2011, taken from national mortality registries or special registries (forensic or police). Based on ‘National definitions’ as presented in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

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Page last updated: Monday, 09 July 2012