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Table PDU-1. Prevalence of problem drug use at national level: Summary Table, 2002–06, rate per 1000 aged 15–64 [see all tables in this series...]

Part (i) Overall problem drug use

CountryNotesYearCentral rate/1000 ages 15–64Lower and Upper rates/1000 ages 15-64 [1]Estimated number of usersLower and upper bound of prevalence estimates [1]Target group, data sources and estimation methodsReference
Czech Republic120074.23.9-4.53090028900-32700Problem opioid and stimulant users. Low-threshold facilities. Treatment Multiplier.2
Denmark120057.57.1-8.02697925390-28568Drug abusers having a persistent use of illegal drugs including cannabis. The National Patient Register. National Register of Drug Abusers Undergoing Treatment. Capture-recapture.6
Germany2 *2006n.a.3.0-3.6182500167000-198000Problem opioid, cocaine and amphetamine users. National treatment statistics. Treatment Multiplier.:
Greece120072.72.4-3.12051618224-23181Problem drug users. Drug treatment data. Capture-recapture.3
Spain2 *2002n.a.7.1-9.9236359196928-275789Problem opioid and cocaine users. Treatment. Demographic method and combined methods.3
France120066.84.8-8.7263708189264-338169Problem opioid and stimulant users. Health and socio-economic indicators. Multivariate indicator method.2
Italy320078.68.1-9.0337187315788-352457Problem Stimulant and opiate users. Treatment data, Criminal Justice, Prison. Multivariate indicator method.25
Cyprus120073.72.9-4.719911591-2541Problem opioid and stimulant users. Treatment data. Truncated Poisson.5
Latvia*2006n.a.3.1-6.271914794-9588Problem drug users. Treatment data. Treatment Multiplier.4
Hungary220053.52.8-4.22420419333-29075Problem drug users. Data from drug treatment and police records. Capture-recapture.2
Malta1 ; 520065.75.5-6.016061541-1685Problem drug users defined as daily heroin users. Treatment data. Capture-recapture.3
Austria120074.14.0-4.32317822198-24157(Poly-) drug use including opiates. Treatment and Police data. Capture-recapture.1
Poland2 ; 620054.23.7-4.7112500100000-125000Problem drug users. General population survey and Treatment data. Benchmark method.9
Portugal2 *2005n.a.4.3-7.44203730833-53240Problem drug users. Treatment and mortality data. Treatment multiplier and Outreach work teams multiplier.5
Slovenia20047.86.6-9.2106549078-12593Problem opioid and stimulant users. Treatment and police data. Capture-recapture.1
Slovakia120074.73.4-9.21788412794-34828Problem drug users. Low-threshold agencies. Multiplier method.6
Finland1 ; 420054.84.2-5.51660014500-19100Problem stimulant and opiate users. Hospital data, Criminal Justice, Infectious Diseases data. Capture-recapture. 7
Sweden220034.5n.a.25745n.a.Problem drug users. The Hospital Discharge Register.2
United Kingdom12006-079.99.7-10.3400469393247-417861Problem drug users. Treatment, population density, prison, drug-related deaths, drug offences, police, probation. Capture-recapture, multivariate indicator method.19


 n.a. = not available.                                 

 1 - Interval is a 95 % confidence interval.                                 

 2 - Confidence Interval not known.                                 

 3 - Interval is based on a sensitivity analysis.                                 

 4 - Finland: the original age range of study was 15–54, the rate was adjusted to ages 15–64.                                 

 5 - Malta: the original age range of the study is 12 to 64 years old.                                 

 6 - Poland: the original age range of the study refers to all ages.                                 

 * - The figure shown is based on average between the lower and upper bound of prevalence estimate.                                 

 For further details on methods and data sources/comments see Table PDU-102 and Table PDU-103.   

 See also ‘General notes for interpreting data’ on the Explanatory notes and help page                                 


 For bibliographic references see Table PDU-0                                 

 2008 Reitox national reports - Fonte PDU template                                 

(see the help page for information about formats etc.)

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The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Tuesday, 14 July 2009