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Infographic. Number of European countries implementing harm reduction interventions, up to 2022

  Implementation at any level, including pilot projects, is included. Source data The data used to generate infographics and charts on this page may be found below. Show source tables List of tables Table 1 (number of European countries implementing harm reduction interventions, up to 2022) Table 2 (availability of take-home naloxone in Europe) Table 3 (needle and syringes distribution and opioid agonist treatment coverage in relation to WHO 2020 targets, 2021 or latest available estimate) Table 4 (location and number of drug consumption facilities throughout Europe) Table 1. Number of European countries implementing harm reduction interventions, up to 2022 Year Drug checking Drug consumption rooms Methadone maintenance treatment Needle and syringe programmes Take-home naloxone 1967     1     1968     2     1969           1970     3     1971           1972           1973           1974     4     1975     5     1976           1977     6     1978           1979           1980           1981           1982           1983           1984       2   1985       3   1986       6   1987     8 7   1988       8   1989     9 11   1990     11 13   1991     12     1992 1   15 14   1993     16 16   1994     17 19   1995     20 21   1996 2   22     1997 5   23 25   1998     26 26   1999           2000       27   2001 7   27     2002           2003           2004           2005           2006           2007       28   2008           2009           2010         1 2011           2012           2013         2 2014 8       4 2015   1     6 2016 9 2     7 2017   6     9 2018 10 8     11 2019   9     13 2020 12       15 2021           2022 12 10 27 28 16 Back to list of tables   Table 2. Availability of take-home naloxone in Europe Country Availability Austria Available Belgium Not available Bulgaria Not available Croatia Not available Cyprus Available Czechia Available Denmark Available Estonia Available Finland Not available France Available Germany Available Greece Not available Hungary Not available Ireland Available Italy Available Latvia Not available Lithuania Available Luxembourg Not available Malta Not available Netherlands Not available Norway Available Poland Not available Portugal Available Romania Not available Slovakia Not available Slovenia Available Spain Available Sweden Available Türkiye Not available Back to list of tables   Table 3. Needle and syringe distribution and opioid agonist treatment coverage in relation to WHO 2020 targets, 2021 or latest available estimate Country Proportion in opioid agonist treatment Syringes per person who injects drugs Number people who inject drugs Croatia 0.5 43 6344 Cyprus 0.17 8 627 Czechia 0.59 232 40500 Finland 0.18 264 25000 France 0.78 118 106857 Greece 0.85 234 2462 Italy 0.27 5 105652 Latvia 0.1 145 7715 Lithuania 0.15 30 8868 Luxembourg 0.86 523 822 Norway 0.86 482 7878 Portugal 0.64 86 13162 Spain 0.9 181 8582 Belgium 0.72 172 7018 Back to list of tables   Table 4. Location and number of drug consumption facilities throughout Europe City Country lat lon Number of facilities Brussels Belgium 50.84 4.35 1 Liege Belgium 50.6278 5.57459 1 Aarhus Denmark 56.14597 10.19845 1 Copenhagen Denmark 55.67453 12.5677 2 Odense Denmark 55.39509 10.38202 1 Vejle Denmark 55.70232 9.522832 1 Paris France 48.8539 2.34879 1 Strasbourg France 48.579 7.73633 1 Berlin Germany 52.504671 13.3945135 3 Bielefeld Germany 52.02656 8.540516 1 Bochum Germany 51.4815 7.2244 1 Bonn Germany 50.78 7.1778 1 Dortmund Germany 51.56247 7.45377 1 Düsseldorf Germany 51.2397 6.6778 1 Essen Germany 51.4798 7.0569 1 Frankfurt Germany 50.20948 8.76 4 Hamburg Germany 53.56828 9.999227 5 Hannover Germany 52.37608 9.73263 1 Karlsruhe Germany 49.012 8.390306 1 Köln Germany 50.93167 6.949464 1 Münster Germany 51.95222 7.623233 1 Saarbrücken Germany 49.24041 6.98665 1 Troisdorf Germany 50.818 7.14125 1 Wuppertal Germany 51.24225 7.158186 1 Athens Greece 38 23.7 1 Esch-sur-Alzette Luxembourg 49.50245 5.97222 1 Luxembourg Luxembourg 49.6503 6.2512 1 Almere Netherlands 52.3829 5.2887 1 Amsterdam Netherlands 52.414 4.90793 3 Apeldoorn Netherlands 52.1813 6.00827 1 Arnhem Netherlands 51.98497 5.899034 1 Deventer Netherlands 52.29638 6.178408 1 Enschede Netherlands 52.1988 6.87604 1 Haarlem Netherlands 52.389 4.6896 1 Heerlen Netherlands 50.8888 5.9811 1 Leeuwarden Netherlands 53.1987 5.8322 1 Leiden Netherlands 52.1597 4.4811544 1 Maastricht Netherlands 50.8541 5.69063 1 Nijmegen Netherlands 51.81272 5.842056 2 Roermond Netherlands 51.2248 5.9753 1 Rotterdam Netherlands 51.8882 4.6136 4 s-Hertogenbosch Netherlands 51.69714 5.305474 1 Tilburg Netherlands 51.60593 5.14963 1 Utrecht Netherlands 52.086 5.1127 1 Vlissingen Netherlands 51.42818 3.52915 1 Zwolle Netherlands 52.54429 6.09052 1 Bergen Norway 60.3954 5.33062 1 Oslo Norway 59.920979 10.753526 1 Porto Portugal 41.149 -8.610 1 Lisbon Portugal 38.716311 -9.142432 2 Badalona Spain 41.450142 2.24742 1 Barcelona Spain 41.3825 2.1769 9 Bilbao Spain 43.2569 -2.9236 1 Lleida Spain 41.61898 0.6201 1 Reus Spain 41.14994 1.10571 2 Sant Adrià de Besòs Spain 41.430599 2.21824 1 Tarragona Spain 41.1186 1.24047 1 Back to list of tables  
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