Drug trafficking penalties across the European Union: a survey of expert opinion


The results of a study on national drug trafficking laws and their application in the Member States of the European Union are presented in this report. It is based on an analysis of the national laws and on the opinions of legal practitioners — judges, prosecutors and defence lawyers — from 26 countries. The penalties set out in national laws for trafficking cannabis, amphetamine, cocaine and heroin are compared with the sentencing outcomes expected by the legal practitioners, including penalties imposed and the estimated time likely to be spent in prison.

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Table of contents

  • Drug trafficking penalties — an introduction
  • National legislative context
  • Expected practice in drug trafficking scenarios
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion