Synthetic cannabinoids in Europe – a review


This report provides a technical review of the current body of knowledge regarding synthetic cannabinoids that are monitored by the the EU Early Warning System. The aim of this report is to strengthen situational awareness of synthetic cannabinoids in Europe and to help stakeholders prepare for, and respond to, public health and social threats caused by such substances.


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Table of contents

  • Methods and information sources
  • Executive summary
  • Background
  • Synthetic cannabinoids in Europe
  • Physical, chemical and pharmalogical description
  • Health and social risks
  • Extent and patterns of use, availability and potential for diffusion
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Annexes
    • Annex 1. Profiles of selected synthetic cannabinoids
    • Annex 2. Synthetic cannabinoids monitored by the EMCDDA through the EU Early Warning
  • System on new psychoactive substances (as of 16 April 2021)