Cocaine trafficking to Europe (Perspectives on drugs)


Cocaine is Europe’s most commonly used illicit stimulant drug, with about 3.6 million adults (aged 15–64) estimated to have used it in the last year. It is the second most seized drug in Europe, after cannabis. Cocaine is trafficked to Europe from the producer countries of South America by both air and sea using a range of methods and routes. This analysis provides an insight into the European cocaine market, the trafficking routes used to bring it to Europe, and the different methods criminals employ to move their drugs.

Part of the ‘Perspectives on drugs’ (PODs) series, launched alongside the annual European Drug Report, these designed-for-the-web interactive analyses aim to provide deeper insights into a selection of important issues. This POD is based on the recently launched EMCDDA–Europol EU Drug Markets Report.

Note that the online version contains additional interactive or audiovisual material not available in the PDF version.

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Table of contents

  • 1. Analysis: cocaine trafficking to Europe
  • 2. Interactive: map of cocaine trafficking routes to Europe
  • 3. Facts and figures
  • 4. Trafficking in containers