ESPAD Report 2019 — Results from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs


This report presents the results of the seventh ESPAD data-collection wave, conducted in 35 countries during the spring and autumn of 2019. It paints a comprehensive picture of the present situation among 15–16-year-old school students as regards the use of cigarettes, alcohol, illicit drugs, inhalants, new psychoactive substances and pharmaceuticals, as well as providing insights into gambling, social media use and gaming. The report offers an overview of trends for the period 1995-2019.

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Table of contents

  • Preface
  • List of authors
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • The situation in 2019
  • Trends 1995-2019
  • Discussion and conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • Refereces
  • Tables
  • Figures