Public health guidance on prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings


This evidence-based guidance aims to support the planning and implementation of effective programmes to prevent and control the transmission of infectious diseases in prison settings in the European region. It focuses on three high-burden blood-borne viruses (BBV) in the prison population, namely hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodefciency virus (HIV). The infections caused by these viruses are characterised by the same modes of blood-borne transmission and similar prevention and control interventions. The key areas covered by this guidance are prevention, treatment and care of BBVs in prison settings.

A summarised version of this guidance also exists: Guidance in brief: prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings.

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Table of contents

  • Abbreviations  
  • Glossary
  • Executive summary
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Guidance development
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Appendix