Frequently asked questions (FAQ): drug overdose deaths in Europe (topic overview)
These pages provide an update on drug-related deaths in Europe, presenting and analysing the latest data on and trends in drug-induced deaths in the European Union, Norway and Turkey. They draw on contributions from specialists from these countries, as well as on information provided by European...
Prison and drugs in Europe: current and future challenges
This publication provides an overview of current knowledge and the latest developments in the field of drug use and prison in Europe. The report explores in depth the epidemiology of drug use and drug-related problems among the prison population, the available social and health service responses to...
Evidence database of the Best practice portal
This database presents the latest evidence on drug-related interventions. The information is based on systematic searches is updated twice a year. Topics covered include harm reduction, social reintegration, treatment, prevention as well as emerging topics.
Policy and practice briefings
Policy and practice briefings: women with drug problems
Women make up approximately a quarter of all people with serious drug problems and around one-fifth of all entrants to drug treatment in Europe. This policy and practice briefing provides an overview of the key issues, response options, evidence and implications for policy and practice.
Pregnancy and opioid use: strategies for treatment
Illicit opioid consumption during pregnancy brings with it the risk of an increase in obstetric complications for the mother and a range of potential dangers for the child, both before and after birth. The primary goal when treating opioid dependence in pregnant women is to stabilise the patient...
Pregnancy, childcare and the family: key issues for Europe’s response to drugs
This Selected issue gives a broad overview on the extent of, and available responses to, the problems of pregnant drug users and families that are affected by drug use. In the first part of the report, a description of the available data on the extent of drug use during pregnancy and associated...
Women’s voices — experiences and perceptions of women facing drug problems
Epidemiological studies routinely collect quantitative data on gender differences in drug use (e.g. prevalence, mortality), but far less is published on the qualitative aspects of female drug problems. This review presents quotations gleaned from interviews with women in eight countries. Through...
Sexual assaults facilitated by drugs or alcohol
Over the past 10 years, there has been a rise in the number of reports of drugs and alcohol being used to immobilise victims for the purpose of sexual assault. Population surveys carried out in six EU countries suggest that up to 20 % of women experience some form of sexual assault in their adult...
A gender perspective on drug use and responding to drug problems
The influence of gender not only on patterns and levels of drug consumption in Europe but also on how responses to drug problems are planned and implemented is explored in this Selected issue. Based on a scientific analysis of the available data, it concludes that policymakers, professionals and...
Differences in patterns of drug use between women and men
Gender differences in patterns of drug use are addressed in this technical paper. According to the paper, men in the EU are still more likely than women to use illicit drugs. But there are concerns around possible signs of a ‘narrowing of the gap’ between male and female drug use, and greater...
Problems facing women drug users and their children
Women-specific drug issues have not, to date, been systematically examined by EU drug-information systems. However, most Member States do address the needs of drug-dependent women through specialised programmes, although their extent and focus vary.