Estimating the size of the main illicit retail drug markets in Europe: an update
This report includes estimates of the total size of the retail drug market in the European Union in 2017 for cannabis, heroin, cocaine, amphetamines and MDMA. This is a supporting publication to the 2019 EU Drug Markets Report.
EMCDDA pilot study of drug-related homicide in Finland, the Netherlands and Sweden
This paper is part of the EMCDDA activity around the development and improvement of drug supply indicators, with a focus on drug-related homicide. It builds upon the 2017 review of the academic research and data sources on drug-related homicide at national and European/international levels by...
Using open-source information to improve the European drug monitoring system
This paper explains the methodology developed by the EMCDDA for open-source information monitoring in the area of drug markets. Initially designed to support the work of the EU Early Warning System in 2016, the technique has recently been expanded to cover open-source information through a pilot...
Frequently asked questions (FAQ): drug overdose deaths in Europe (topic overview)
These pages provide an update on drug-related deaths in Europe, presenting and analysing the latest data on and trends in drug-induced deaths in the European Union, Norway and Turkey. They draw on contributions from specialists from these countries, as well as on information provided by European...
Drugs in syringes from six European cities: results from the ESCAPE project 2017
This report presents the results of an innovative method for gathering information on the substances used by people who inject drugs. In this pilot study, chemical analysis of the contents of used syringes collected from exchange sites reveals the drugs and drug combinations injected in the six...
An analysis of post-mortem toxicology practices in drug-related death cases in Europe
The objective of this report is to provide an updated analysis of the post-mortem toxicology practices of drug-related deaths (DRD) in Europe and to discuss the effect of these practices on the monitoring of DRDs. It is based on the results of a project that consisted of two components: a scoping...
Frequently asked questions (FAQ): wastewater-based epidemiology and drugs
This list of frequently asked questions (FAQ) answers some of the common questions on the background, use, application and interpretation of wastewater-based epidemiology. Wastewater analysis is a rapidly developing scientific discipline with potential for monitoring real-time data on...