Estimating the size of the main illicit retail drug markets in Europe: an update
This report includes estimates of the total size of the retail drug market in the European Union in 2017 for cannabis, heroin, cocaine, amphetamines and MDMA. This is a supporting publication to the 2019 EU Drug Markets Report.
EU Drug Markets Report 2019
The EU Drug Markets Report 2019 is the third comprehensive overview of illicit drug markets in the European Union by the EMCDDA and Europol. The analysis presented in this report spans numerous topics such as the links between drugs and other crimes, the licit economy and society more generally as...
Cannabis policy news: status and recent developments (topic overview)
Under international laws, cultivation, supply and possession of cannabis should be allowed only for ‘medical and scientific purposes’. In general, possession of the drug for personal use should be a crime, to deter use, and most countries make this punishable by imprisonment. In recent years,...
Evidence database of the Best practice portal
This database presents the latest evidence on drug-related interventions. The information is based on systematic searches is updated twice a year. Topics covered include harm reduction, social reintegration, treatment, prevention as well as emerging topics.
Developments in the European cannabis market
This paper provides an overview of established and emerging cannabis products in Europe. For each type of product, major issues in its production, distribution, use and effects on health are detailed. In doing so, the paper seeks to inform a discussion of the new challenges that may emerge in the...
European Drug Report
European Drug Report 2019: Trends and Developments
The Trends and Developments report presents a top-level overview of the drug phenomenon in Europe, covering drug supply, use and public health problems as well as drug policy and responses. Together with the online Statistical Bulletin and 30 Country Drug Reports, it makes up the 2019 European Drug...
Penalties for drug law offences in Europe at a glance
This tool lets you examine and compare the penalties or rehabilitative responses for the core offences of drug use, possession for personal use, and supply-related offences, across countries in Europe. It also allows you to see how the laws vary those penalties according to the type or quantity of...