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Program Domowych Detektywow

Quality level: 3

Initial situation

In the late 1990s, political decentralization in Poland had influenced alcohol and drug policy at the local community level. Preventive tasks and public funds have been delegated to local communities. All local communities have to prepare and implement a local alcohol prevention programme. As a consequence communities started to look for ready-to-use effective prevention programmes. At that time most of the prevention programs were implemented with no formal evaluation. Only a few programmes were evaluated with mixed results. The need to develop an effective prevention programme to be implemented by local communities was identified. In the 1990 we were lacking in programmes targeting pre-adolescents. The age of onset for alcohol is usually 11 to 14 in Poland. Most of the prevention efforts were designed for older age groups. There were no programmes to delay alcohol onset, which was proved as effective strategy to reduce alcohol-related problems among youth. Moreover, most of our school-based programmes were implemented with no or little parental involvement. To improve effectiveness of school-based prevention, more effective ways to facilitate parental involvement were needed. These were the rationale for choosing and adapting the Slick Tracy Home Team Programme.

Basic assumptions/theory

Modelling and strengthening desired child behaviour by parental and significant peer involvement are the main prevention strategies utilized in the programme. These strategies are drawn from grounded psychosocial theories: social learning theory (Bandura 1986), problem-behaviour theory (Jessor 1987, 1998) and theory of reasoned action (Ajzen & Fishbein 1980). Prevention research has shown that parental involvement is one of the key elements in effective programmes (Rohrbach et al. 1995, Williams et al. 1995). Parental involvement in prevention interventions may influence important protective mechanisms e.g. may improve parent-child communication about alcohol and other risky behaviours (Willimas et al. 1995) or may influence child friend selection and parental monitoring practices (Rohrbach et al. 1995). Parental involvement in prevention efforts depends on methods used to attract them for the programme. Administering the prevention programme via booklets from classrooms to families is a very effective way of involving parents in drug-prevention activities aimed at children aged 10 to 12, with 80 % to 90 % of parents participating in one or more parent-child activity. This method is much more effective than more traditional ones such as training in parenting skills or workshop activities organised in schools (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1997). Prevention research has also suggested that peer participation may have positive impact on programme effectiveness (Botvin et al. 1990, Perry et al. 1989, Komro et al. 1996). Trained peer leaders work effectively through modelling and subjective norm building, a mechanism described by Ajzen and Fishbein in their theory of reasoned action. 1.Ajzen I., Fishbein M. (1980), Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior, Englewood-Cliffs, N.J. Prentice-Hall. 2.Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Engelwood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall; 47-105. 3.Botvin, G., Baker, E., Filazzola, A., Botvin, E. (1990) 'A cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention: One year follow-up', Addictive Behaviour, 15, 47-63.3. 4. Jessor R. (1987), Problem-Behavior Theory, Psychosocial Development, and Adolescent Problem Drinking, ,,British Journal of Addiction", 82, 331-342. 5.Jessor R., (1998): New perspectives on adolescent risk behaviour. W: Jessor R. (red.) New perspectives on adolescent risk behaviour. Cambridge University Press, 1-10. 6.Rohrbach, L., Hodgson, C., Broder, B., Montgomery, S., Flay, B., Hansen, W., Pentz, M. (1995) 'Parental participation in drug abuse prevention: Results from the Midwestern Prevention Project', in G. Boyd, J. Howard and R. Zucker (Eds) Alcohol problems among adolescents: Current directions in prevention research, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 173-95. 7.National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (1997) Ninth special report to the US Congress on alcohol and health, Bethesda, MD: NIAAA, 301-27. 8.Perry, C., Grant, M., Ernberg, G., Florenzano, R., Langdon, C., Myeni, A., Waahlberg, R., Berg, S., Andersson, K., Fisher, J., Blaze-Temple, D., Cross, D., Saunders, B., Jacobs, D., Schmid, T. (1989) 'WHO collaborative study on alcohol education and young people: Outcomes of a four-country pilot study', International Journal of the Addictions, 24, 1145-171. 9.Williams, C., Perry, C., Dudovitz, B., Veblen-Mortenson, S., Anstine, P.,Komro, K. A., Toomey, T. L. (1995a) 'A home-based prevention program for sixth-grade alcohol use: Results from Project Northland', Journal of Primary Prevention, 16 ,125-47.

The PDF contains the full intervention description including additional contact information.

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Page last updated: Friday, 20 January 2012