The COVID-19 pandemic and its social and economic impact were associated with widespread anxiety, depression, and psychological distress which may increase addictive behaviors.
An increase in substance use and other addictive behaviors was reported during previous disasters such as terrorist incidents, natural disasters, and the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak, and then expected during COVID-19 pandemic.
PDF files are made available as a convenience. In cases where the EMCDDA is not the originator of the document, please be aware that any PDFs available on this page may not be authoritative or there may be more recent versions available. While we make every effort to ensure that these files are definitive, before using or citing them, we recommend that you consult the publisher's website or contact the author(s) to check for more recent versions.