This paper examines the evolution of estimated coca cultivation and cocaine production in South America (Bolivia, Colombia and Peru) and of the actors, modalities and routes of cocaine trafficking to Europe was commissioned by the EMCDDA to provide background information to inform and contribute to the drafting of the EU Drug Markets Report 2016.
This paper was commissioned by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) to provide background information to inform and contribute to the drafting of the EU Drug Markets Report (EDMR) 2016.
This background paper was produced under contract n° CT.15.SAT.0016.1.0 and we are grateful for the valuable contribution of the author. The paper has been cited within the EDMR 2016 and is also being made available online for those who would like further information on the topic. However, the views, interpretations and conclusions set out in this publication are those of the author and are not necessarily those of the EMCDDA or its partners, any EU Member State or any agency or institution of the European Union.