A systematic review of Hepatitis C virus treatment uptake among people who inject drugs in the European Region
This systematic review indicates that hepatitis C treatment uptake is relatively low among drug users in several European countries, and also points to considerable knowledge gaps regarding treatment uptake levels in this population.
Self-reported testing, HIV status and associated risk behaviours among people who inject drugs in Europe: important differences between East and West
Despite the absolute differences in reported risk behaviours among PWID in western and eastern Europe, the associations of risk behaviours with HIV status were similar across the sites and regions. HIV prevention and harm reduction interventions targeting PWID should be evaluated.
Homelessness and other risk factors for HIV infection in the current outbreak among injection drug users in Athens, Greece
We examined HIV prevalence and risk factors among injection drug users (IDUs) in Athens, Greece, during an HIV outbreak. Efforts to reduce HIV transmission should address homelessness as well as scaling up prevention services, such as needle and syringe distribution and other risk reduction...
Minutes of the EMCDDA meeting 'Measuring, understanding and responding to drug problems in Europe'
These minutes present an integrated meeting report on the “EMCDDA week on measuring, understanding and responding to drug problems in Europe”. This week has brought together EMCDDA’s technical work in a number of different fields, namely: Measuring drug problems through the Problem Drug Use...
Interventions to prevent HIV and Hepatitis C in people who inject drugs: a review of reviews to assess evidence of effectiveness
Further studies are needed to assess the effectiveness and impact of scaling up comprehensive packages of harm reduction interventions to minimise HIV and HCV transmission among PWID.
The state of hepatitis B and C in the Mediterranean and Balkan countries: report from a summit conference
The burden of disease due to chronic viral hepatitis constitutes a public health threat in many Balkan and Mediterranean countries and will require national commitments in the form of strategic plans, financial and human resources, normative guidance and technical support from regional agencies and...
Mortality among people who inject drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis
People who inject drugs have an elevated risk of death, although mortality rates vary across different settings. Public health initiatives must include efforts to reduce HIV infection as well as other causes of death, particularly drug overdose.