The Ministry of Family and Social Policies, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of the Interior, the national focal point to the EMCDDA and the Turkish Green Crescent society are the main implementing agencies for the prevention activities described in Turkey’s National Anti-Drug Action Plan. At the local level, provincial steering committees chaired by deputy governors prepare local action plans in line with the needs of their provinces.
Prevention interventions encompass a wide range of approaches, which are complementary. Environmental and universal strategies target entire populations, selective prevention targets vulnerable groups that may be at greater risk of developing substance use problems and indicated prevention focuses on at-risk individuals.
Environmental prevention activities in Turkey focus on the decision-making process surrounding drug use and on restricting access to substances. For instance, audits are carried out to prevent the use of tobacco products in indoor areas, and the ‘Price and Taxation System’ regulates taxes for alcoholic beverages. The advertisement and presentation of substances are also limited.
The Ministry of National Education is directly responsible for the implementation of universal drug prevention in Turkish schools. Prevention interventions targeting young people are also supported by non-governmental organisations. The methods used include counselling support, seminars, discussion panels and conferences. Manual-based programmes are rare. Some family-oriented prevention projects are carried out in cooperation with school counselling centres. At the community level, prevention activities are mainly informative.
In Turkey, some selective prevention interventions focus on awareness-raising and information provision, while Social Services Centres provide some social assistance and referrals to treatment institutions for homeless children and young people. Indicated prevention in the country is uncommon. The Green Crescent Counselling Centre provides services to those who misuse substances and their families.