Romania Country Drug Report 2019

National drug strategy and coordination

National drug strategy

In Romania, the National Anti-Drug Strategy 2013-20 addresses illicit drugs. It was designed following consultations with stakeholders and takes into account the EU Drugs Strategy 2013-20. Reflecting a balanced approach, the National Anti-Drug Strategy is structured around the two pillars of drug demand reduction and drug supply reduction. It also contains three cross-cutting themes: (i) coordination; (ii) international cooperation; and (iii) research, evaluation and information. The National Anti-Drug Strategy has five overarching objectives and is being implemented through two action plans, which address the periods 2013-16 and 2017-20.

Like other European countries, Romania evaluates its drug policy and strategy through routine indicator monitoring and specific research projects. Implementation progress reports on the activities in the current strategy’s action plans are produced by the National Anti-Drug Agency (NAA). To support the development of the 2017-20 Drug Action Plan, the NAA conducted an internal multi-criterion evaluation of the 2013-16 Drug Action Plan. In addition, in 2013, an external final evaluation of the 2005-12 National Anti-Drug Strategy was completed by the Romanian Angel Appeal Foundation with the financial support of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) office in Romania. The evaluation assessed the actions of the 2005-12 strategy based on several criteria, including relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability and impact; it also developed recommendations for the 2013-20 strategy.


National coordination mechanisms

The National Anti-Drug Agency (NAA) is a specialised legal entity under the coordination of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The NAA coordinates Romania’s Anti-Drug Strategy and the relevant implementing authorities. Supply reduction issues are coordinated by the Directorate for Investigation of Organised Crime and Terrorism. The NAA is also responsible for international cooperation between Romanian institutions and foreign organisations, and it hosts the Romanian Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction as one of its units. The NAA is supported by a scientific committee and has 47 drug prevention, evaluation and counselling centres at the local level, six of which are in Bucharest.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.