Latvia Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-related research

In Latvia, the State Programme on Drug Control and Drug Addiction Restriction 2011-17 directs the main national drug-related studies. Drug-related research is mostly publicly funded within the scope of the National Programme on Drug Control and Drug Addiction Restriction 2011-17. The Centre for Disease Prevention and Control of Latvia, which comprises the national focal point, is the main entity in charge. In November 2016, the Ministry of Health started the implementation of ESF project ‘Complex health promotion and disease prevention measure’, within the framework of which several addiction research projects have been planned. The municipality of Riga provides some additional funding for research activities aimed at improving prevention activities in the city.

Several research activities are implemented regularly as part of the monitoring and evaluation of the national drug programme. These include drug use prevalence studies among the general population, students, young people and prisoners, and research on substance use in recreational settings, during pregnancy and among problem drug users.

Social studies and studies among young people are mainly conducted by university departments, while basic and applied research is carried out by the Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis. The Latvian national focal point monitors and analyses the public health situation in the country, and disseminates drug-related research findings.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.