Latvia Country Drug Report 2019

Drug-related emergencies

There is no national reporting system on drug-related emergencies in Latvia, although some data on acute drug-related emergencies can be extracted from the State Emergency Medical Service (SEMS) database, which is based on incoming calls. SEMS data indicate that in 2017 more than 3 800 calls were linked to illicit drugs or psychoactive substances, a large increase compared with previous years. Inpatient treatment data indicate that in 2017 there were 117 non-fatal overdose cases attributable to illicit drug use, higher than in the previous 3 years.

One hospital in Riga participates in the European Drug Emergencies Network (Euro-DEN Plus) project, which was established in 2013 to monitor acute drug toxicity in sentinel centres across Europe.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.