Italy Country Drug Report 2019

Country Drug Report 2019

About this report

This report presents the top-level overview of the drug phenomenon in Italy, covering drug supply, use and public health problems as well as drug policy and responses. The statistical data reported relate to 2017 (or most recent year) and are provided to the EMCDDA by the national focal point, unless stated otherwise.


National drug strategy and coordination

What are the long-term aims of drug policy in Italy? How are these aims to be achieved? How is drug policy coordinated at national level?

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Public expenditure

Understanding the costs of drug-related actions is an important aspect of policy evaluation.

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Drug laws and drug law offences

What substances and activities does Italy control under its drug laws? What are the penalties for offences? How are new psychoactive substances controlled?


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Drug use

How many people in Italy have ever used drugs? What drugs have they used? How many have used drugs recently? How many are using drugs in highly risky ways?

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Drug-related infectious diseases

What are the main infectious diseases linked to drug injecting in Italy?

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Drug-related emergencies

How many drug-related medical emergencies occurred in Italy in the last year?

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Drug-induced deaths

How many people died of drug overdoses or poisonings in Italy in the last year?

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What part does prevention play in Italy drug strategy. What are the main prevention approaches used in the country and who do they target?

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Harm reduction

How does Italy measure in terms of provision of needle and syringe programmes, peer naloxone programmes, supervised drug consumption rooms and heroin-assisted treatment.

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How is the drug treatment system organised in Italy? How is it financed? How is the provision of treatment divided between inpatient and outpatient settings?


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Drug use and responses in prison

Which authorities are responsible for prison health in Italy? What forms of drug treatment and harm reduction are provided in prisons, and how widely?


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Quality assurance

What is done in Italy to ensure that the prevention and treatment interventions used are effective and provide a good return on public expenditure?


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Drug-related research

In which areas of study is drug-related research carried out in Italy? How is this research funded? Are any types of research emphasised in the national drug strategy?


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Drug markets

What is known about drug supply and trafficking in Italy? How pure or strong are the drugs available? What do they cost? What are the main aims of supply reduction efforts?

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Key statistics

Key drug statistics for Italy.

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EU Dashboard

Focus on Italy

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.