Turkey Country Drug Report 2018

Key statistics

Most recent estimates and data reported

  EU range
  Year Country data Min. Max.

* PWID — People who inject drugs.

Cannabis
Lifetime prevalence of use - schools (% , Source: ESPAD) n.a. n.a. 6.5 36.8
Last year prevalence of use - young adults (%) 2011 0.4 0.4 21.5
Last year prevalence of drug use - all adults (%) 2011 0.3 0.3 11.1
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 6.0 1.0 69.6
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 7.7 2.3 77.9
Quantity of herbal cannabis seized (kg) 2016 110855.1 12 110855
Number of herbal cannabis seizures 2016 31189 62 158810
Quantity of cannabis resin seized (kg) 2016 36046.19 0 324379
Number of cannabis resin seizures 2016 4659 8 169538
Potency - herbal (% THC) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 0.15 - 27.34 0 59.90
Potency - resin (% THC) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 0.28 - 25.21 0 70.00
Price per gram - herbal (EUR) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 1.26 - 12.66 0.60 111.10
Price per gram - resin (EUR) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 1.26 - 37.98 0.20 38.00
Cocaine
Lifetime prevalence of use - schools (% , Source: ESPAD) n.a. n.a. 0.9 4.9
Last year prevalence of use - young adults (%) n.a. n.a. 0.2 4.0
Last year prevalence of drug use - all adults (%) n.a. n.a. 0.1 2.3
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 1.8 0.0 36.6
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 1.5 0.0 35.5
Quantity of cocaine seized (kg) 2016 845.1 1.00 30295
Number of cocaine seizures 2016 1476 19 41531
Purity (%) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 23 - 96 0 99.00
Price per gram (EUR) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 12.66 - 139.24 3.00 303.00
Amphetamines
Lifetime prevalence of use - schools (% , Source: ESPAD) n.a. n.a. 0.8 6.5
Last year prevalence of use - young adults (%) 2011 0.1 0.0 3.6
Last year prevalence of drug use - all adults (%) 2011 n.a. 0.0 1.7
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 1.8 0.2 69.7
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 2.5 0.3 75.1
Quantity of amphetamine seized (kg) 2016 3379.5 0 3380
Number of amphetamine seizures 2016 67 3 10388
Purity - amphetamine (%) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 0.17 - 17 0 100.00
Price per gram - amphetamine (EUR) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 5.06 - 75.95 2.50 76.00
MDMA
Lifetime prevalence of use - schools (% , Source: ESPAD) n.a. n.a. 0.5 5.2
Last year prevalence of use - young adults (%) 2011 0.1 0.1 7.4
Last year prevalence of drug use - all adults (%) 2011 n.a. 0.1 3.6
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 1.0 0.0 1.8
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 1.4 0.0 1.8
Quantity of MDMA seized (tablets) 2016 3783737 0 3783737
Number of MDMA seizures 2016 5259 16 5259
Purity (MDMA mg per tablet) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 53.62 - 163 1.90 462.00
Purity (MDMA % per tablet) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 n.a. 0 88.30
Price per tablet (EUR) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 1.52 - 18.99 1.00 26.00
Opioids
High-risk opioid use (rate/1 000) 2011 0.2 0.3 8.1
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 74.2 4.8 93.4
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 67.5 1.6 87.4
Quantity of heroin seized (kg) 2016 5585.1 0 5585
Number of heroin seizures 2016 8179 2 10620
Purity - heroin (%) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 0.45 - 66 0 92.00
Price per gram - heroin (EUR) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2016 5.06 - 126.58 4.00 296.00
Newly diagnosed HIV cases related to Injecting drug use -- aged 15-64 (cases/million population, Source: ECDC) 2016 0.1 0 33.00
HIV prevalence among PWID* (%) 2015 0 0 31.50
HCV prevalence among PWID* (%) 2015 39.79 14.60 82.20
Injecting drug use -- aged 15-64 (cases rate/1 000 population) n.a. n.a. 0.1 9.2
Drug-induced deaths -- aged 15-64 (cases/million population) 2016 14.6 1.40 132.30
Health and social responses
Syringes distributed through specialised programmes n.a. n.a. 22 6469441
Clients in substitution treatment 2011 12500 229 169750
Treatment demand
All entrants 2015 10884 265 119973
First-time entrants 2015 5377 47 39059
All clients in treatment 2011 206174 1286 243000
Drug law offences
Number of reports of offences 2016 81222 775 405348
Offences for use/possession 2016 61962 354 392900

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.