Slovenia Country Drug Report 2018

Drug laws and drug law offences

National drug laws

In Slovenia, possessing a small amount of drugs for one’s own use and consumption is not considered a criminal offence. Slovenia’s Production and Trade in Illicit Drugs Act has separate definitions for the possession of illicit drugs, the possession of a small quantity for individual use and the possession of a small quantity for individual use by a person who has opted for medical treatment or treatment in a health or social programme. Possession of an illicit drug is considered a minor offence under Article 33 of the Production and Trade in Illicit Drugs Act and is punishable by a fine. For example, possession of small quantities of illicit drugs for one-off personal use might lead to a fine of between EUR 42 and EUR 209. Individuals may be subject to more lenient punishment if they voluntarily enter treatment for illicit drug use or a social security programme approved by the Health Council at the Ministry of Health or by the Council for Drugs at the Ministry of Labour.

The Criminal Code, adopted in 2008, defines two criminal offences: the manufacture and trafficking of illicit drugs (Article 186), and facilitating the consumption of illicit drugs (Article 187). Article 186 includes the sale, manufacture and purchase of illicit drugs with the intention of sale, possession with the intent to re-sell, etc., all of which offences are punishable by 1-10 years’ imprisonment, or 3-15 years if the offence included defined aggravating circumstances, such as particular locations or the involvement of vulnerable people.

Article 187 of the Criminal Code considers as offences the offering of illicit drugs for consumption, the offering of premises for minors to consume illicit drugs, etc., and these offences are punishable by prison sentences of between six months and eight years. Offences that involve vulnerable people or an offender abusing their position are punishable by 1-12 years’ imprisonment. The Criminal Code was amended in November 2011 to provide that facilitation of illicit drug use is not punishable if it is in the context of a programme of drug treatment or involves the controlled use of drugs that conforms to the relevant law and is implemented within the framework or under the supervision of public health authorities. In principle, this new amendment may permit the establishment of drug consumption rooms in Slovenia.

New psychoactive substances are controlled by regular amendments of the list of controlled substances.

Drug law offences

Drug law offence (DLO) data are the foundation for monitoring drug-related crime and are also a measure of law enforcement activity and drug market dynamics; they may be used to inform policies on the implementation of drug laws and to improve strategies.

The statistical data on DLOs from Slovenia indicate that most DLOs are associated with cannabis. In general, offences linked to use/possession dominate DLOs.

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Methodological note: Analysis of trends is based only on those countries providing sufficient data to describe changes over the period specified. The reader should also be aware that monitoring patterns and trends in a hidden and stigmatised behaviour like drug use is both practically and methodologically challenging. For this reason, multiple sources of data are used for the purposes of analysis in this report. Caution is therefore required in interpretation, in particular when countries are compared on any single measure. Detailed information on methodology and caveats and comments on the limitations in the information set available can be found in the EMCDDA Statistical Bulletin.