Data on illicit drug use among the adult general population in Turkey are available from a general population study conducted in 2011. The use of illicit substances among general population in Turkey appears to be rare. In 2011, cannabis was the most common illicit drug used by adults aged 15-64 years, followed by amphetamines and MDMA/ ecstasy. The highest rates of illicit drug use were reported among young males aged 15-34 years.
Drug use data among students were reported in a 2011 attitude and behaviour survey on tobacco, alcohol and drug use among 14- to 19-year-old students in high school. About 1 % of 15-year-old students reported lifetime use of any drug, while the proportion increased to 1.5 % if all respondents were considered. About 0.3 % of all respondents reported having ever used cannabis, although this figure should be treated with caution, as it was calculated based on responses to open-ended questions and, as such, the results are not comparable with other similar studies in Europe.
In 2011, cannabis was the most common illicit drug used by adults aged 15-64 years, followed by amphetamines and MDMA/ecstasy
Studies reporting estimates of high-risk drug use can help to identify the extent of the more entrenched drug use problems, while data on the first-time entrants to specialised drug treatment centres, when considered alongside other indicators, can inform understanding on the nature and trends in high-risk drug use.
High-risk drug use in Turkey is mainly linked to the use of opioids. In 2011, it was estimated that there were around 13 000 high-risk opioid users in Turkey.
In 2011, it was estimated that there were around 13 000 high-risk opioid users in Turkey
In the last five years, the number of treatment demands reported in Turkey has increased, and this trend is mainly attributed to increased coverage of reporting.
Data from the specialised treatment centres indicate that heroin is the most commonly reported primary substance for first-time clients entering treatment in 2015.
Injecting drug use was reported by about one quarter of all clients entering treatment, and there are indications of a continuous decline in heroin injecting in Turkey. The majority of drug treatment clients are male.
National estimates of last year prevalence of high-risk opioid use
NBYear of data 2015, or latest available year..
Characteristics and trends of drug users entering specialised drug treatment in Turkey
NBYear of data 2015. Data is for first-time entrants, except for gender which is for all treatment entrants.