Psychosocial interventions vs treatment as usual to reduce criminal activity (re-incarceration) in female drug-using offenders

Summary of the evidence

  • Unknown effectiveness

Cognitive behavioural therapy was found in a systematic review (Perry et al., 2019a) to be more effective than therapeutic communities (one study of low quality) in:

  •     reducing criminal activity, i.e. arrested (not for parole) violations at six months follow-up (RR 0.43, 95 % CI 0.25 to 0.77, N=314)


Note: this evidence summary is only valid for the outcomes, target groups, settings and substances/patterns of use described below.