Pharmacy access to syringes to reduce injecting risk behaviour

Summary of the evidence

  • Beneficial

Pharmacy-based needle and syringe programmes (NSPs) were found in a systematic review with meta-analysis (Sawangjit et al., 2016, 14 observational studies, N= 7 035 PWID) to be effective in:

  • reducing risk behaviours among people who inject drugs when compared to those with no NSP available (OR = 0.50, 95 % CI = 0.34–0.73) and sensitivity analyses, excluding studies with a serious risk of bias (OR = 0.52, 95 % CI = 0.32–0.84).