Permanent supportive housing has changed the sequence of treatment and housing, and access to housing is not contingent on adherence to treatment or abstinence. Permanent housing has become a strategy that is often combined with coordinated case management. Programmes such as Housing First and Pathways to Housing are examples of permanent supportive housing interventions.
Permanent supportive housing was found in a systematic review (Aubry et al., 2020, 35 studies - 15 on housing) to be effective in:
The review found small but promising evidence suggesting that recipients of permanent supportive housing report greater improvements in their subjective quality of life than those receiving standard care. Results also showed no evidence of any major harms associated with mental health, substance use, quality of life, and other outcomes of implementing housing interventions among homeless individuals.
Future research should focus on the long-term effects of housing interventions on physical, mental health and substance use as the review could not formulate conclusive statements on the effects of the intervention on those outcomes.