Opioid substitution treatment (with methadone) in prison to reduce post-release injection drug use

Summary of the evidence

  • Beneficial

Opioid substitution treatment with methadone provided during incarceration was found in a systematic review (Moore et al 2019) to be effective in:

  • reducing post-incarceration injection drug use (3 studies; OR= 0.26, 95% CI=0.12; 0.56)