Opioid substitution treatment (with methadone) in prison to reduce post-release injection drug use — evidence summary

Summary of the evidence

Rating:
Beneficial

Opioid substitution treatment with methadone provided during incarceration was found in a systematic review (Moore et al 2019) to be effective in:

  • reducing post-incarceration injection drug use (3 studies; OR= 0.26, 95% CI=0.12; 0.56)

Details

Note: this evidence summary is only valid for the outcomes, target groups, settings and substances/patterns of use described below.

Name of response option:
Pharmacological treatment
Desired outcome(s):
reduce substance use
Area(s)
Treatment
Specific substance or pattern of use:
opioids
Target group(s) or setting(s):
prison