Opioid substitution treatment (with methadone) in prison to increase post-incarceration community treatment engagement

Summary of the evidence

  • Beneficial

Opioid substitution treatment with methadone provided during incarceration was found in a systematic review (Moore et al 2019) to be effective in:

  • increasing community treatment engagement after release from prison (3 studies; n= 216; OR= 8.96, 95% CI=2.46; 30.75)


Note: this evidence summary is only valid for the outcomes, target groups, settings and substances/patterns of use described below.