Needle and syringe programmes (NSP) to reduce HIV transmission — evidence summary

Summary of the evidence

Rating:
Beneficial

NSP programmes were found to be effective in a systematic review (Aspinall et al., 2014), in:

  • reducing the transmission of HIV among people who inject drugs (pooled effect size 0.66 (95 % CI 0.43 to -1.01)  across  all  studies,  and  0.42  (95 % CI  0.22 to 0.81) across six higher quality studies)

Details

Note: this evidence summary is only valid for the outcomes, target groups, settings and substances/patterns of use described below.

Name of response option:
Needle and syringe programmes (NSP)
Desired outcome(s):
reduce infectious diseases
Area(s)
Harm reduction
Specific substance or pattern of use:
amphetamines
opioids
Target group(s) or setting(s):
PWID – people who inject drugs