UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices. UNODC relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from Governments, for 90 per cent of its budget.
UNODC is mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism. In the Millennium Declaration, Member States also resolved to intensify efforts to fight transnational crime in all its dimensions, to redouble the efforts to implement the commitment to counter the world drug problem and to take concerted action against international terrorism.
Since its creation, the EMCDDA has placed particular emphasis on its relations with United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The EMCDDA is an observer at the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND), and the UNODC participates in turn as an observer on the Centre's Management Board.
On 13 March 1998 in Vienna, the EMCDDA and the UNODC signed a Memorandum of Understanding formally establishing cooperation between the two organisations. This represents a major step forward in national, European and international efforts to combat the global drug problem. Cooperation between the two organisations is based on the principles of appropriateness, reciprocity and work-sharing, entrenched in complementarity. The MoU unites the EMCDDA and the UNODC in:
The MoU was supplemented by practical joint work programmes signed in 2000 and 2007. The most recent work programme covers 2012–14 and highlights the strategic areas of work, such as: development of standards for data collection and data analysis, capacity building and exchange of best practices.
There is an intense and an ongoing exchange of expertise between the EMCDDA and UNODC through data exchange, participation in various technical meetings and contributions to publications and conferences in the areas of drug demand and drug supply.
Moreover, the EMCDDA is in permanent contact with the regional UNODC offices to work with non-EU countries on the development of national drug monitoring systems. The EMCDDA is also a member of the Steering Committee of UNODC’s SMART programme.
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