Treatment topics page

Treatment topics page


A range of interventions are used for the treatment of drug use problems in Europe, including psychosocial approaches, opioid substitution and detoxification. The relative importance of the different treatment modalities in each country is influenced by several factors, including the organisation of the national health care system and the nature of the drug problems in the country.

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An estimated 1.3 million people received treatment for illicit drug use in the European Union during 2016 (1.5 million including Norway and Turkey). Opioid users represent the largest group, followed by users of cannabis and users of cocaine.

The majority of drug treatment in Europe is provided in outpatient settings, with inpatient settings accounting for a smaller share of drug treatment. Increasingly, a wide range of drug treatment interventions are also provided online.