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Table PPP-7. Purity of cocaine products at retail level, 2011

Part (iii) Geographical coverage / sampling frame / type of study / purity determined to base-salt

CountryGeographical coverage / Sampling frame / Type of study / Purity determined to base-salt
BelgiumNational / seizures sent to the laboratories for analysis following prosecutors' decision / analysis developed by 11 laboratories including data from "Project drugs in circulation"
BulgariaLocal: district of Sofia / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / base. Adulterants/cutting agents/impurities in cocaine samples: phenacetine, tetracaine, benzocaine, lactose.
Czech RepublicNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures in some laboratories; not all analysis and all laboratories are included (permanent data collection twice per year) / base
DenmarkNational (5 largest cities ) / small seizures at user's level, random selection of powder between 0,03 and 1 gram in the 5 largest cities / monitoring system / base
GermanyNational / all seizures ≤ 1 g linked to criminal investigation / routine analysis of seizures / base
EstoniaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / salt
GreeceNational (except Region of Attica) / seizures with quantities larger than 500 gr are sampled. Reporting the central value of each mode class; mode class instead of mode value for the substances are submitted / Police monitoring system / Purity is defined as the percentage of pure substance in a sample by Gc/Fid and Gc/Ms laboratory tests. Purities are determined to the salt.
SpainNational / seizures sample amount threshold 1 g / monitoring system / not available
FranceNational / all seizures / monitoring system / base
ItalyNational / seizures under a specific threshold (Latium all seizures) / routine analysis of seizures
LatviaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / not available
LithuaniaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / base
LuxembourgNational / all seizures random sampling / monitoring system / salt
HungaryNational / all seizures submitted for analysis of over 2 g / routine analysis of seizures / base
MaltaNational / random sample of police and customs seizures / monitoring system
NetherlandsNational / all samples provided by drug users containing at least 1 mg cocaine (1026 samples were purchased as cocaine) / routine analysis of drug samples provided by users (no distinction can be made between cocaine-HCl and crack) / base
AustriaNational / seizures under a specific threshold / seizures when suspicion about the substance / test purchases at street level
Poland:
PortugalNational / random selected sample of seizures of under 1 g / routine analysis of seizures / cocaine to the salt and crack to the base
RomaniaNational / sampling of all cases (retail or large) for which the authorities requested the potency analysis according UNODC best practice manual / routine analysis of seizures / salt
SloveniaNational / all seizures submitted for analysis of over 0.1 g / routine analysis of seizures / base
SlovakiaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / base
FinlandNational / all seizures of sample amount threshold 2 g / monitoring system / salt
SwedenNational / seizures made by the police. Quantitative analysis is always carried out on seizures consisting of >50g or on request from the police / Data is collected continuously throghout the year
United KingdomNational (England and Wales) / no more than 25 g seizures submitted for analysis by police forces / routine analysis of seizures / base
CroatiaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / base
TurkeyNational / seizures sent to the laboratories for analysis due judicial or law enforcement needs / routine analysis of seizures / base
NorwayNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / salt
 

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013