EMCDDA Home
  • EN
Search

Table PPP-6. Purity of heroin at retail level, 2011

Part (iii) Geographical coverage / sampling frame / type of study / purity determined to base-salt

CountryGeographical coverage / Sampling frame / Type of study / Purity determined to the base-salt
BelgiumNational / seizures sent to the laboratories for analysis following prosecutors' decision / analysis develop by 11 laboratories including data from "Project drugs in circulation"
BulgariaLocal: district of Sofia / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / base. Adulterants/cutting agents/impurities in heroine samples: caffeine, paracetamol, piramem, phenobarbital and diazepam
Czech RepublicNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures in some laboratories; not all analysis and all laboratories are included (permanent data collection twice per year) / base
DenmarkNational (5 largest cities ) / small seizures at user's level, random selection of powder between 0,03 and 1 gram in the 5 largest cities / monitoring system / base
GermanyNational / all seizures ≤ 1 g linked to criminal investigation / routine analysis of seizures / base
EstoniaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / salt
GreeceNational (except Region of Attica) / seizures with quantities larger than 500 gr are sampled. Reporting the central value of each mode class; mode class instead of mode value for the substances are submitted / Police monitoring system / Purity is defined as the percentage of pure substance in a sample by Gc/Fid and Gc/Ms laboratory tests. Purities are determined to the salt.
SpainNational / seizures sample amount threshold 1 g / monitoring system / not available
FranceNational / all seizures / monitoring system / base
ItalyNational / seizures under a specific threshold (Latium all seizures) / routine analysis of seizures
LatviaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / not available
LithuaniaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / base
LuxembourgNational / all seizures random sampling / monitoring system / base
HungaryNational / all seizures submitted for analysis of over 0.6 g / routine analysis of seizures / base
MaltaNational / random sample of police and customs seizures / monitoring system
NetherlandsNational / all samples provided by drug users containing at least 1 mg of heroin ( 42 samples were purchased as heroin) / routine analysis of drug samples provided by users / base
AustriaNational / seizures under a specific threshold/seizures when suspicion about the substance/test purchases at street level / routine analysis of seizures
PortugalNational / random selected sample of seizures of under 1 g / routine analysis of seizures / not specified
RomaniaNational / sampling of all cases (retail or large) for which the authorities requested the potency analysis according UNODC best practice manual / routine analysis of seizures / salt
SloveniaNational / all seizures submitted for analysis of over 0.1 g / routine analysis of seizures / base
SlovakiaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / base
Finland:
SwedenNational / seizures made by the police. Quantitative analysis is always carried out on seizures consisting of >20g or on request from the police / Data is collected continuously throughout the year
United KingdomNational (England and Wales) / no more than 25 g seizures submitted for analysis by police forces. Less purity determinations in UK as a result of major changes in forensic market places. More forensic providers submitting data. This change is likely to affect comparability across time / routine analysis of seizures / base
CroatiaNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / base
TurkeyNational / seizures sent to the laboratories for analysis due judicial or law enforcement needs / routine analysis of seizures / base
NorwayNational / all seizures / routine analysis of seizures / base and salt
 

About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

Contact us

EMCDDA
Praça Europa 1, Cais do Sodré
1249-289 Lisbon
Portugal
Tel. (351) 211 21 02 00
Fax (351) 218 13 17 11

More contact options >>

Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013