EMCDDA Home
  • EN
Search

Table PPP-6. Purity of heroin at retail level, 2011

Part (i) Minimum, maximum, mean, median and modal purity recorded (percentage)

CountryHeroin (undistinguished)Brown heroinWhite heroin
Sample sizeMin.Max.MeanMedianModeSample sizeMin.Max.MeanMedianModeSample sizeMin.Max.MeanMedianMode
Belgium 1381.765.521.117.4:::::::::::::
Bulgaria ::::::630.15013.38.50.1::::::
Czech Republic ::::::310.583147.67.9::::::
Denmark::::::252501511:1816563840:
Germany2915:::11:::::::::::::
Estonia 62.92312.810.910.5::::::::::::
Ireland::::::::::::::::::
Greece :::::::0.0578.712.88:::::::
Spain :::::::::30.5::::::::
France ::::::4160667.740267.86128.623.523.5
Italy5927821.91616::::::::::::
Cyprus::::::::::::::::::
Latvia 32934615:16::::::::::::
Lithuania :0.754.321::::::::::::::
Luxembourg ::::::3810.245.610.1::::::::
Hungary ::::::::::::::::::
Malta ::::::100124528.5:30::::::
Netherlands 2815532.6::::::::::::::
Austria::::::1510.1442.65.84.46:1::14.0::
Poland::::::::::::::::::
Portugal ::::::3112.349.912.811.47.5::::::
Romania450.447.918.223.4:::::::::::::
Slovenia ::::::526147.86.96.68.1::::::
Slovakia(1)1280.813.34.5:4.1::::::::::::
Finland::::::::::::::::::
Sweden::::::6614712.56415133321.520:
United Kingdom(2)368819617.61612::::::::::::
Croatia::::::1780.359.78.46.78::::::
Turkey::::::6150.27943.65462::::::
Norway :::::::15715::3394643::
 

Notes:

Min. = minimum purity recorded; Max. = maximum purity recorded; Mean = mean purity recorded; Median = middle purity value in the ranked data set; Mode = most frequent (typical) purity recorded.

The minimum ‘zero’ values represent a value greater than zero but lower than the minimum sensitivity threshold that allows a robust estimate.

(1) Data reported as means is actually a weighted mean.

(2) Data refer to England and Wales and Scottish Police Service Authority.

Source:

Reitox national focal points. See also Table PPP-6 part (ii).

About the EMCDDA

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

Contact us

EMCDDA
Praça Europa 1, Cais do Sodré
1249-289 Lisbon
Portugal
Tel. (351) 211 21 02 00
Fax (351) 218 13 17 11

More contact options >>

Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013