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Table HSR-4. Needle and syringe programmes (NSPs)

Part (i) Year of introduction of needle and syringe programmes (NSPs), types of programmes available in 2011 and number of sites

CountryNeedle and syringe fixed programmesOutreach NSP
Year first NSPSourcesYear first publicly fundedSourcesYear first Prison-NSPSourcesNo. of specialist agency sites with NSPNo. of vending machinesNo. of Pharmacy-based NSP sitesNo. of prison-based NSP sitesTotal number of fixed sites (min)No. of sites with NSP outreach workersNo. of sites where NSP carried out by vanTotal number of pharmacies
Belgium (Flemish Community)2001120011:28025053502710
Belgium (French Community)1994120001:170:0171002464
Bulgaria1995119991:123000123131:5268
Czech Republic1986319913:512:0535112448
Denmark1986119861::::0::0318
Germany1984419922199610223167:1:::21238
Estonia1997120011:1300013230493
Ireland1989519891:28000284:1394(3)
Greece1998119981:700075511517
Spain19851198511997101001:766701837:2821427
France(1)1989119951:116276290421914922386(4)
Italy1990119901::::0::::
Cyprus2007220079:1000100458
Latvia1997119971:1800018103820
Lithuania1997119978:70007331442
Luxembourg1993119931200510440190092
Hungary1994120001:22500271343163
Malta1987119876:7000700:
Netherlands1984719861:150:250175::1980
Austria1990119901:1517:032402288
Poland1989119891:240002412113 500
Portugal19931199312007101101184211971011342900(5)
Romania20002200022008104002668686902
Slovenia1992119961:1105016796308
Slovakia1994119941:50005531799
Finland1997119971:3000030::811
Sweden(2), (11)1986119861:3000300945
UK- England1986119871::1:0::::
UK - Wales:::3912040244414710
UK-Northern Ireland2001220012:10140156:535
UK-Scotland1987219872(2007)1065:204026964:
Croatia:19962:60:064155:
Turkeyn/an/a:0000000:
Norway1988119881:130001339700
 

Notes

NSP: the acronym NSP is the abbreviation for the term ‘needle and syringe programme’. This means the provision of sterile syringes and hypodermic needles as well as of further injecting paraphernalia to injecting drug users. NSPs can also be implemented at pharmacies or in prisons.

NSP site: The term ‘site’ is used to describe physically distinct outlets where syringes can be obtained for free or in exchange against used ones.

Where data are not available, the table entry is left empty.

(...) indicates that the NSP service is legally available in the country but there are no reported data.

(1) For France, Circulaire DGS 05 May 1992 allowed a pilot study of NSPs, but full implementation only after 1995.

(2) In Sweden, needle and syringe programmes were run on a pilot basis from 1986 until 2006, when they were regularised through the Injection Needle Exchange Act (2006:233).

(3) Number of pharmacies in 2006.

(4) Number of pharmacies in 2009.

(5) In Portugal, a prison NSP was developed as pilot project and implemented in one prison in Lisbon and in the prison in Paços de Ferreira between July 2008 and March 2009. No syringes were exchanged during the project.

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

Sources

Updated according to information in

(1) Structured questionnaire 23 'Prevention of infectious diseases', submitted by NFPs in 2004.

(2) Reitox National Report 2007.

(3) Personal communication, B. Korcisova, 9.3.2005.

(4) Personal communication, H. Stöver, 31.1.2005.

(5) Standard tables on 'syringe availability' (ST10), submitted by NFPs in 2004 and 2006.

(6) Personal communication, M. Camilleri, 14.2.2005.

(7) Coutinho, R. (1995), American Journal of Public Health 85, 1490-1.

(8) Personal communication E. Subata, 28.2.2005.

(9) Personal communication NFP, 11.4.2011.

(10) Obradovic, I (2012), Réduction des risques en milieu penitentiaire. Revue des expériences étrangères. Note n°2012-4, á l'attention de la MILDT. Paris: OFDT.

(11) For Swedish data, personal communication Frida Hansdotter, 23/01/2013.

NSP sites and total number of pharmacies information: Standard table on 'syringe availability' (ST10), submitted by NFPs in 2012 and Reitox National Report 2012.

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013