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Table GPS-7. Lifetime prevalence of drug use in all available national general population surveys

Part (i) Survey methods

Country Geographical areaYearReferenceCollection methodOriginal age rangeOriginal sample sizeAge range all adultsSample size all adultsAge range young adultsSample size young adults
Belgium
Vlaanderen (Brussels excluded)1994(1)Phone18–65225918–65225918–34:
French Community1996–97(2)Phone18–4997818–4997818–34508
French Community1998–99(3)Phone18–49100618–49100618–34461
French Community2000(4)Phone18–4969318–4969318–34282
National2001(5)Interview15–64947015–64734715–342758
National2004(6)InterviewAll ages1265015–64:15–34:
National2008(7)InterviewAll ages1125415–64679215–342550
Bulgaria
National2005(1)Interview18–60103618–60103618–34433
National2007(2)Interview15–64602715–64602715–342591
National2008(3)Interview15–64513915–64513915–342164
Czech Republic
National2002(1)Interview18–64252618–64252618–341002
National2004(2)Interview18–64352618–64352618–341414
National2008(3)Interview15–64450015–64450015–342079
National2008(4)Interview15+195515–64152515–34615
National2009(5)Interview15+179515–64148615–34616
National2010(6)Interview15+179315–64148715–34615
National2010(7)Interview15+204415–64174915–34674
National2011(8)Interview15+102815–6490115–34361
Denmark
National1990(1)Phone>=162000>=16200016–44:
National1994(2)Interview16–442521:::2521
National2000(3)Interview16+1427816–641182516–344141
National2005(4)Interview16+1456616–641331016–343583
National2008(5)Mail / web-based16+401516–64340816–341744
National2010(6)Interview16+1516516–641161116–343381
Germany
East Germany1990(1)Mail12–39:::12–39:
Western Germany1990(2)Mail12–3919207::12–3919207
Old and new Länder1995(3)Mail18–59783318–59783318–343157
Old and new Länder1997(4)Mail18–59801918–59801918–343058
National2000(5)Mail18–59813918–59813918–343107
National2003(6)Mail18–59806118–59806118–343775
National2006(7)Mail18–64791218–64791218–343306
National2009(8)Multimethod18–64803018–64803018–343876
Estonia
National1998(1)Mail18–70231718–64231718–34804
National2003(2)Mail15–69189115–64:15–34646
National2008(3)Mail15–69:15–64140115–34545
Ireland
National1998(1)Interview18+100018–6482618–34318
National1998(2)Mail18+653918–64:18–34:
National2000(3)Interview18+100018–6490718–34404
National2002–03(4)Interview15–64491815–64491815–34:
National2006–07(5)Interview15–64496715–64496715–341989
National2010–11(6)Interview15–64512815–64512815–34:
Greece
Athens1993(1)Interview12–64210312–64210318–35:
National (except Aegean and Ionian Islands)1998(2)Interview12–64375215–64339815–342014
National (except Aegean and Ionian Islands)2004(3)Interview12–64478115–64435115–342620
Spain
National1995(1)Interview15+998415–64888815–345813
National1997(2)Interview15–651251515–651251515–346898
National1999(3)Interview15–651248815–641223415–346293
National2001(4)Interview15–641411315–641411315–346915
National2003(5)Interview15–641203315–641203315–345357
National2005–06(6)Interview15–642793415–642793415–3414699
National2007-08(7)Interview15–642371515–642371515–349843
National2009(8)Interview15–642010915–642010915–34:
National2011(9)Interview15–642212815–642212815–3410507
France
National1992(1)Phone18–75209915–64209915–34373
Metropolitan France1995(2)Phone18–75199318–751787:756
National1999(3)Phone15–75200218–69174218–34753
National2000(4)Phone12–751368515–641131715–344749
Metropolitan France2002(5)Phone15–75200915–64174415–34724
National2005(6)Phone12–753051415–642587915–3410855
National2010(7)Phone15-852765315–642277415–347727
Italy
National2001(1)Mail15–44603215–44603215–343698
National2003(2)Mail15–541186915–541186915–345231
National2005(3)Mail15–642799515–642799515–3416552
National2008(4)Mail15–641094015–641094015–346398
National2012(5)Mail18–641889818–641889818–344966
Cyprus
National2006(1)Interview15–64350415–64350415–341753
National2009(2)Interview15–64338515–64338515–341810
Latvia
National2003(1)Interview15–64453415–64453415–342470
National2007(2)Interview15–64450015–64450015–342497
National2011(3)Interview15–64449115–64449115–342258
Lithuania
National2004(1)Interview15–64420715–64420715–341814
National2008(2)Interview15–64477715–64477715–342152
Luxembourg
National1998(1)Interview12–6466715–64:15–34:
Hungary
National2001(1)Interview18–65235918–65235918–34790
National2003(2)Interview18–54367518–54367518–342319
National2007(3)Interview18–64271018–64271018-341111
Malta
National2001(1)Interview18–64:18–64:::
Netherlands
National1997–98(1)Interview12+2200015–641759015–349090
National2001(2)Interview12+:15–64231215–34:
National2005(3)Interview15–64451615–64451615–34:
National2009(4)Interview15–64576915–64576915–34:
Austria
National2004(1)Interview14–100454715–64398015–341754
National2008(2)Interview15-93419615–64376115–342558
Poland
National2002(1)Interview16+314816–64:16–34:
National2006(2)Interview15–64285915–64285915–342031
National2010(3)Interview15–64578215–64578215–343201
Portugal
National2001(1)Interview15–641418615–641418615–346406
National2007(2)Interview15–641220215–641220215–344765
Romania
National2004(1)Interview15–64:15–64:15–34:
National2007(2)Interview15–64679715–64679715–342262
National2010(3)Interview15–64510015–64510015–343108
Slovenia
National2007(1)Interview15+211715–64172415–34691
Slovakia
National1996(1)Interview15+142315–64:15–39721
National1998(2)Interview15+136215–64:15–39665
National2000(3)Interview15–64125415–64125415–34529
National2002(4)Interview15–64126918–64126915–34548
National2004(5)Interview15–64131515–64131515–34578
National2006(6)Interview15–64130515–64130515–34556
National2010(7)Interview15–64405515–64405515–341769
Finland
National1992(1)Mail18–74345718–74345718–34:
National1996(2)Mail16–74300916–74300916–34:
National1998(3)Mail15–69256815–69256815–34974
National2000(4)Interview15–69178915–64167715–34615
National2002(5)Mail15–69254115–64237715–341240
National2004(6)Mail15–69252615–64235215–341031
National2006(7)Mail15–69302915–64280215–341387
National2010(8)Mail/Internet15–69423515–64187315–34875
Sweden
National1994(1)Interview16–7593316–6480616–34310
National1996(2)Interview16–75135116–64113616–34476
National1998(3)Interview16–75155716–64135916–34542
National2000(4)Interview16–75202716–64175016–34575
National2008(5)Mail / web-based15–642209515–642209515–3416271
National2004(6)Mail18–841216618–64951418–342985
National2005(7)Mail16–844000216–643053816–349522
National2006(8)Mail16–845688916–644170116–3414408
National2007(9)Mail18–84573818-64440118-341432
National2008(10)Mail16–841111816-64834316-342546
National2009(11)Mail16–841037316-64807416-342376
National2010(12)Mail16–841006716-64731516-342196
National2011(13)Mail16–84976416-64696416-342035
United Kingdom
England and Wales1994(1)Interview16–59964516–59964516–344329
England and Wales1996(2)Interview16–591093516–591093516–344720
England and Wales1998(3)Interview16–59998416–59998416–344112
England and Wales2000(4)Interview16–591301816–591301816–344910
England and Wales2001–02(5)Interview16–592016516–592016516–349006
England and Wales2002–03(6)Interview16–592358616–592358616–349826
England and Wales2003–04(7)Interview16–592442216–592442216–3410922
England and Wales2004–05(8)Interview16–592850916–592850916–3412630
England and Wales2005–06(9)Interview16–592974816–592974816–3412329
England and Wales2006–07(10)Interview16–593105416–593105416–3411973
England and Wales2007-08(11)Interview16-592868816-592868816-3412034
England and Wales2008-09(12)Interview16-592840716-592840716-349683
England and Wales2009-10(13)Interview16-592619916-592619916-348945
England and Wales2010-11(14)Interview16-592745216-592745216-349589
England and Wales2011-12(15)Interview16-592666316-592666316-349691
Northern Ireland2002–03(16)Interview15–64351615–64351615–34:
Northern Ireland2005(17)Interview16–59:16–59:16–34:
Northern Ireland2006-07(18)Interview16–64243916–64243916-34920
Northern Ireland2007-08(19)Interview16–64273116–64273116-34919
Northern Ireland2008-09(20)Interview16–64243816–64243816-34805
Northern Ireland2010-11(21)Interview15–64253315–64253315-34855
Scotland2003(22)Interview16+466516–64350616–341193
Scotland2004(23)Interview16+442416–64329316–34978
Scotland2006(24)Interview16+315716–64315716–341115
Scotland2008-09(25)Interview16+1097416–64848816–342485
Scotland2009-10(26)Interview16+1340916–641013716–342870
Scotland2010-11(27)Interview16+823216–64823216–342432
United Kingdom2004(28)Interview::::16–34:
United Kingdom2006(29):::::::
Croatia
National2012(1)Interview15–64475615–64475615-341995
Turkey
National2011(1)Interview15–64804515–64804515-344039
Norway
National1999(1)Interview15+217015–64180315–34794
National2004(2)Interview15+319115–64266915–341238
National2009(3)Interview15+207315–64162415–34632
 

Notes:

This table aims to present an overview of national surveys. Exceptionally, some relevant regional surveys are presented. Some city surveys reported by countries were not included as they tend to produce higher prevalence estimates which are not comparable with estimates for whole countries (or large regions with both urban and rural areas). Athens was included as a reference point for the 1993 survey.

‘Data collection' means 'data collection method used in the survey': 'interview' (face-to-face interview, which may include self-completed sections for the more sensitive questions, also it may include CAPI - computer assisted interviews), 'phone' (telephone interview), 'mail' (mailed questionnaire), 'Multimethod' (Multi-Method — simultaneous use of interview, mail or internet in the same survey).

‘Survey sample' refers to the number of actual respondents to the survey (Net sample). In some cases, national surveys cover originally a broader age range ('original age range') than that presented here for the standard groups 'All adults' (15–64) and 'Young adults' (15–34). Sample sizes are presented respectively for the 'original age range', the 'all adults' and 'young adults' groups.

In surveys with small sample sizes results should be interpreted with caution.

Countries were asked to report results using, as far as possible, EMCDDA standard age groups (all adults: 15–64, young adults: 15–34). In countries where age ranges are more restrictive, prevalence estimates may tend to be slightly higher. Some countries have recalculated their prevalence figures using the EMCDDA standard age groups.

For methods and definitions on population surveys in general, see General population surveys of drug use – methods and definitions.

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

Sources:

See Table GPS-0.

For more details on methodological features for each survey, see Table GPS-121.

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013