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Table EYE-30. Recent school surveys (2003–12): percentage lifetime prevalence of psychoactive substance use and last month prevalence of cannabis among students aged 17–18 years old

CountryNoteYearRefProject Age rangeSample sizeCannabisLMP CannabisInhalants/ Volatile SubstancesAmphetaminesEcstasyLSD & Other Hallucino-gensCocaineHeroin
Belgium (fl)2003-2004(5)VAD17yr-18yr33947:786762
Belgium (fl)2008(6)VAD17yr-18yr15763915:58551
Belgium (fl)2008(7)VAD17yr-18yr14133916:67:6:
Belgium (fl)2009/10VAD17yr-18yr15604417:57551
Bulgaria2003ESPAD15yr-18yr:319433132
Bulgaria2007ESPAD17yr-18yr21983310:97462
Bulgaria2011:17yr-18yr217833144104:52
Czech Republic(c) (d)2003ESPADborn in 19853388562268111223
Greece2003ESPAD11yr-18yr64081041312211
Spain2004(5)PNSD17yr-18yr:5935:101010191
Spain2008(8)PNSD17yr-18yr64965028:64681
Spain2010(8)PNSD17yr-18yr88604926254671
France(b) (c)2003(3)ESPAD12yrs-18yrs1683354301225122
Italy(a)2003ESPAD15yr-19yr283953922734362
Italy(a)2004(4)ESPAD ITALY17yr-18yr118734418622453
Italy(a)2008(5)ESPAD ITALY17yr-18yr148993618533262
Italy(b)2010(6)ESPAD ITALY17yr-18yr139082715324241
Italy(b)2011(6)ESPAD ITALY17yr-18yr138802615211331
Italy(b)2012(6)ESPAD ITALY17yr-18yr150342716312331
Cyprus(d)2003ESPAD14yr-17yr281121401010
Cyprus(e)2004(1)17yr-19yr:7:::3:::
Latvia2003ESPAD13yr-20yr9833266:64211
Latvia2007ESPAD17yr-18yr34922761289632
Netherlands2003(2)JRG 11yr-18yr78834418:58951
Netherlands(c) 2011:17yr-18yr6464518:48141
Austria(c) 2003ESPAD17yr-18yr68637181557552
Austria(c) 2007ESPAD17yr5293913:107661
Poland2010:18yr-19yr:368374332
Portugal(a)2003ESPAD17yr-18yr25662711624411
Portugal(a)2007ESPAD17yr-18yr56722110:33342
Portugal2011:17yr-18yr41152714633342
Slovakia2003ESPAD15yr-19yr1128736121036721
Slovakia(b)2009(3):17yr-18yr60033:446310
Slovakia2011ESPAD17yr-18yr483842121035621
Sweden2008(8)CAN17yr-18yr3983153822511
Sweden(b)2009(9)CAN17yr-18yr4072163521110
Sweden(b)2010(9)CAN17yr-18yr2099173422111
Sweden(b)2011(9)CAN17yr-18yr3596164421110
 

Notes:

This table aims to present data on 17/18 year old school students obtained from national surveys. Surveys marked ESPAD were carried out using ESPAD methods to varying degrees. The surveys for Belgium (fl) is the Flemish regional only. In all of the school surveys the method for data collection was classroom based, anonymous, self-completion questionnaires in written test conditions.

Caution is required comparing figures due to methodological limitations. For methods and definitions, see Methods and definitions: youth and the schools population.

(a) Figures for Italy and Portugal are based on combined average prevalence for 17 and 18 year old students which does not allow for possible difference in sample size between the 2 ages groups

(b) LSD & other hallucinogens: includes LSD only

(c) cocaine: cocaine powder only

(d) heroin: opiates

(e) Interpret with caution as sample size is small and private and vocational schools are excluded

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

Sources:

See Table EYE-0 for further information on sources.

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013