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Table EYE-23. All ESPAD school surveys: prevalence and patterns (percentages) of cannabis use among students 15–16 years

Part (iii) Females

CountryYearSample size 15–16 yearsLTP LYPLMPUse 40+ times First use age 13 or beforePerceived availability
Belgium200312082822134744
Belgium(1)20079201915103436
Belgium(1)2011824211793337
Bulgaria1999295711732121
Bulgaria20031449191572337
Bulgaria20071150181452339
Bulgaria201110852218102441
Czech Republic19951336181361131
Czech Republic1999:3023134448
Czech Republic200317234033176656
Czech Republic200720494232165865
Czech Republic201120073726124657
Denmark19951250151241244
Denmark1999915201462453
Denmark20031474181352650
Denmark(2)2007468201582555
Denmark20111202141230338
Germany(1)20032685241993938
Germany(1)20072609171241536
Germany(1)20111511151241328
Estonia199516805::005
Estonia199918088631115
Estonia20031217181140420
Estonia20071186191341332
Estonia20111252191341430
Ireland19959423127123460
Ireland199911692922115560
Ireland200311883932177860
Ireland20071218171473641
Ireland20111096151151335
Greece19951412221::35
Greece199914227521128
Greece200310205421119
Greece200716273310021
Greece201129825420020
France(3)1995:1210::::
France199911103228195642
France200311123528185:42
France200714262821124639
France201113783934226742
Italy19955821615104232
Italy199924252319124338
Italy200325712319124440
Italy200746462117103333
Italy20112374181593329
Cyprus19953402111:8
Cyprus19991198100007
Cyprus200311532110010
Cyprus200732603210110
Cyprus201121964320115
Latvia(2)1995:321006
Latvia1999129612731116
Latvia2003146912720322
Latvia2007115613831226
Latvia20111288191351328
Lithuania1995169410002
Lithuania199924306420012
Lithuania200325199630119
Lithuania2007123913840227
Lithuania2011123914830222
Hungary19951372431008
Hungary199931157521016
Hungary2003127913951219
Hungary2007146111841232
Hungary20111455181371234
Malta199515637511111
Malta199922007::1111
Malta200319438731219
Malta2007194611952327
Malta201116898631218
Netherlands19991359241910:734
Netherlands20031034241893835
Netherlands200710972622114642
Netherlands2011:211793437
Austria20031062181572533
Austria20071187151241331
Poland199543495410015
Poland1999:10842126
Poland2003302513951135
Poland2007113211831234
Poland20113095181571238
Portugal199511815421123
Portugal199919377631222
Portugal20031557121152425
Portugal200716709641226
Portugal20111140131481427
Romania19991433101104
Romania200325482100010
Romania200712802100010
Romania201114917520113
Slovenia19951763121051225
Slovenia199913932323113345
Slovenia200313792622145753
Slovenia200715032017102543
Slovenia20111625211892344
Slovakia199511146410021
Slovakia19991293151251235
Slovakia20031220221692543
Slovakia200712502821102649
Slovakia20111005231572338
Finland199511185510118
Finland199916409721121
Finland2003180411820220
Finland200726917620111
Finland2011192910820117
Sweden19951725541025
Sweden199917306410027
Sweden200316406410125
Sweden200716296410129
Sweden201112585411125
United Kingdom1995409238322071354
United Kingdom1999136132261551451
United Kingdom200398535281661354
United Kingdom200711752821103948
United Kingdom(2)20118472319113640
Croatia199512975410117
Croatia19991641131051127
Croatia20031438201573446
Croatia20071454161251246
Croatia20111522141052237
Turkey (Istanbul)19951134321009
Turkey(1)20031904211015
Norway199519315320126
Norway1999181110832139
Norway200318889621327
Norway200717045320128
Norway201114404310123
 

Notes:

This table present data on 15- to 16-year-old school students obtained from ESPAD surveys.

Caution is required comparing figures due to methodological limitations. For methods and definitions see Methods and definitions: youth and the schools population.

Perceived availability: Perceived availability of cannabis is the percentage of students answering ‘very easy’ or ‘fairly easy’ (in the 6 point scale) to the question 'How difficult do you think it would be for you to get cannabis, if you wanted?'

Use 40+ times during lifetime: in ESPAD surveys.

Comparison between boys and girls for use 40+ times is limited, because numbers are often too small to be statistically significant.

(1) ESPAD 2007 and 2011 data for Belgium refer only to Flanders. ESPAD 2007 Germany figures are based in seven regions only (Bavaria, Brandenburg, Berlin, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saarland and Thuringia). ESPAD 2011 Germany figures are based in only five out of sixteen federal states (Bundesländer). ESPAD 2003 Turkey figures are based on one major city in each of 6 different regions (Adana, Ankara, Diyarbakir, Istanbul, Izmir and Samsun).

(2) Data has limited comparability due to methodological issues.

(3) Data included in 1995 ESPAD report but not strictly comparable (based on an earlier survey).

Source:

ESPAD (The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) is coordinated by the Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN)

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013