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Table EYE-23. All ESPAD school surveys: prevalence and patterns (percentages) of cannabis use among students 15–16 years

Part (ii) Males

CountryYearSample size 15–16 yearsLTP LYPLMPUse 40+ times First use age 13 or beforePerceived availability
Belgium2003111237322011755
Belgium(1)20079692823155543
Belgium(1)20119742823135543
Bulgaria19992434141052224
Bulgaria200312912318104335
Bulgaria200712032721104642
Bulgaria201111322519103639
Czech Republic19951626251982137
Czech Republic1999:4032209453
Czech Republic2003147248382112660
Czech Republic20071852483821101067
Czech Republic2011190647341791061
Denmark19951189201783548
Denmark19998753023114660
Denmark200315042721103653
Denmark(2)20074093227127664
Denmark2011979221993549
Germany(1)200324023124146944
Germany(1)200724022418103641
Germany(1)201112852420104542
Estonia1995143810::1111
Estonia19991446181374325
Estonia20031246281885426
Estonia20071186332494736
Estonia20111208292093734
Ireland1995907423925101065
Ireland1999110835311810957
Ireland200312193831166860
Ireland200710032317115745
Ireland201111112217105545
Greece19951205321::39
Greece1999837111074238
Greece20038867621121
Greece2007143310851223
Greece2011292612962131
France(3)1995:1312::::
France1999117438332511947
France2003108742352614:53
France2007149035281881046
France2011119439352611945
Italy19959432118133231
Italy199916812823177350
Italy200323003126198448
Italy200753352622167539
Italy201124632421145538
Cyprus199529274211710
Cyprus19998975321111
Cyprus20039997431114
Cyprus200730808761316
Cyprus20112047101092322
Latvia(2)1995:8610012
Latvia1999988221583321
Latvia20031372201252322
Latvia20071119241552632
Latvia20111334292083534
Lithuania19951502211005
Lithuania19992609171562118
Lithuania20032517181582121
Lithuania20071172241562429
Lithuania20111237251772428
Hungary199511995310111
Hungary19993305161252123
Hungary20031398181372221
Hungary20071356161262335
Hungary20111608211793336
Malta199512691073119
Malta199921217531212
Malta20031557131052221
Malta20071722151261328
Malta20111688121062323
Netherlands19991256322818:1113
Netherlands200310613227179848
Netherlands20079943127189756
Netherlands2011:3428199754
Austria200313402319124534
Austria20071384191483436
Poland1995449412841122
Poland1999:1916104234
Poland200329302319104139
Poland2007988221692436
Poland201128382823124444
Portugal19958529841227
Portugal19991672121273330
Portugal200313891815115434
Portugal20071471171483332
Portugal20118252118113434
Romania1999960212106
Romania200318234210012
Romania200710095310114
Romania201112797621115
Slovenia19951543141172229
Slovenia199917912723146449
Slovenia200314063124147757
Slovenia20071582241894551
Slovenia201115612621125546
Slovakia1995126212851127
Slovakia19991149241882246
Slovakia200310563224105556
Slovakia200712183727135955
Slovakia201110043123115844
Finland199511825310110
Finland1999164610931120
Finland2003173911731217
Finland200722978631212
Finland2011181512941217
Sweden199517467521125
Sweden1999171511831225
Sweden200315929521122
Sweden200715509631227
Sweden2011131111841227
United Kingdom19953630443829141658
United Kingdom19991280393218101454
United Kingdom20031083413423131361
United Kingdom2007100430241361053
United Kingdom(2)20118652823155844
Croatia19951518131044330
Croatia19991961181474444
Croatia20031446241792320
Croatia20071554211573347
Croatia20111480211593445
Turkey (Istanbul)199515025431113
Turkey(1)20032273653119
Norway199519797641125
Norway19991980141053337
Norway200319459632325
Norway200717787531227
Norway201114986521127
 

Notes:

This table aims to present data on 15- to 16-year-old school students obtained from ESPAD surveys.

Caution is required comparing figures due to methodological limitations. For methods and definitions see Methods and definitions: youth and the schools population.

Perceived availability: perceived availability of cannabis is the percentage of students answering ‘very easy’ or ‘fairly easy’ (in the six-point scale) to the question 'How difficult do you think it would be for you to get cannabis, if you wanted?'

Use 40+ times during lifetime: in ESPAD surveys.

Comparison between boys and girls for use 40+ times is limited, because numbers are often too small to be statistically significant.

(1) ESPAD 2007 and 2011 data for Belgium refer only to Flanders. ESPAD 2007 Germany figures are based in seven regions only (Bavaria, Brandenburg, Berlin, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saarland and Thuringia). ESPAD 2011 Germany figures are based in only five out of sixteen federal states (Bundesländer). ESPAD 2003 Turkey figures are based on one major city in each of 6 different regions (Adana, Ankara, Diyarbakir, Istanbul, Izmir and Samsun).

(2) Data has limited comparability due to methodological issues.

(3) Data included in 1995 ESPAD report but not strictly comparable (based on an earlier survey).

Source:

ESPAD (The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) is coordinated by the Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN)

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013