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Table EYE-23. All ESPAD school surveys: prevalence and patterns (percentages) of cannabis use among students 15–16 years

Part (i) All students

CountryYearSample size 15–16 yearsLTPLYPLMPUse 40+ timesFirst use age 13 or beforePerceived availability
Belgium200323203227177749
Belgium(1)200718892419124540
Belgium(1)201117982420114440
Bulgaria1999539112842222
Bulgaria20032740211683336
Bulgaria20072353221773441
Bulgaria201122172418103540
Czech Republic19952962181671135
Czech Republic199935793527167150
Czech Republic200331954436199658
Czech Republic200739014535187966
Czech Republic201139134230156859
Denmark19952439151462446
Denmark19991790241983557
Denmark20032978231782652
Denmark(2)20078772521104559
Denmark20112181181562443
Germany(1)200351102721125941
Germany(1)20075011201572638
Germany(1)20112796191572434
Estonia199531185::108
Estonia1999325413952219
Estonia20032463231463423
Estonia20072372261962534
Estonia20112460241762532
Ireland199518493133:7762
Ireland199922773226157759
Ireland200324073931177860
Ireland20072221201594743
Ireland20112207181473440
Greece1995261722100:
Greece199922599741133
Greece200319066521120
Greece200730606531122
Greece201159088741125
France(3)1995:1211::::
France199922843531228744
France200321993831229:47
France200729163124156842
France201125723935248843
Italy199515551618134232
Italy199941062520145343
Italy200348712722156444
Italy200799812319135436
Italy201148372118124434
Cyprus19956325321:9
Cyprus19992095221019
Cyprus200321524321112
Cyprus200763405431213
Cyprus201142437751218
Latvia(2)19952179331008
Latvia19992284171152218
Latvia2003284116941322
Latvia20072275181141429
Latvia20112622241662431
Lithuania19953196110003
Lithuania19995039121041115
Lithuania20035036131161120
Lithuania20072411181251328
Lithuania20112476201351325
Hungary19952571431009
Hungary1999642111842119
Hungary20032677161161220
Hungary20072817131051233
Hungary20113063191582235
Malta199528327621110
Malta199943217531111
Malta2003350010941220
Malta20073668131151327
Malta2011337710841321
Netherlands19992615282314:941
Netherlands200320952823136842
Netherlands200720912825157649
Netherlands2011:2723146545
Austria200324022117104533
Austria20072571171362334
Poland199589405631118
Poland1999:141273130
Poland20035964181482137
Poland20072120161262335
Poland201159332319102341
Portugal199520335641225
Portugal199936098952226
Portugal20032946151383429
Portugal20073141131062329
Portugal20111965161692430
Romania19992393111105
Romania200343713200010
Romania200722894210012
Romania201127707620113
Slovenia19953306121051227
Slovenia199931842521135447
Slovenia200327852823146755
Slovenia20073085221893547
Slovenia201131862319104445
Slovakia199523766631124
Slovakia19992442191562240
Slovakia200322762720103549
Slovakia200724683224114752
Slovakia20112009271993641
Finland199523005410114
Finland1999328610821120
Finland2003354311830219
Finland200749888621112
Finland2011374411931117
Sweden199534725410125
Sweden199934458620126
Sweden200332327510123
Sweden200731797521228
Sweden201125699631126
United Kingdom19957722383524101456
United Kingdom1999264135291681452
United Kingdom20032068383120101358
United Kingdom200721792922114951
United Kingdom(2)201117122521134742
Croatia199528155632229
Croatia19993602161261119
Croatia20032884221684445
Croatia20073008181362246
Croatia20113002181372341
Turkey (Istanbul)199526363320111
Turkey(1)20034177453117
Norway199539105531125
Norway1999391812942238
Norway200338339631326
Norway200734826421128
Norway201129385420125
 

Notes:

This table aims to present data on 15- to 16-year-old school students obtained from ESPAD surveys.

Caution is required comparing figures due to methodological limitations. For methods and definitions see Methods and definitions: youth and the schools population.

Perceived availability: perceived availability of cannabis is the percentage of students answering ‘very easy’ or ‘fairly easy’ (in the six-point scale) to the question 'How difficult do you think it would be for you to get cannabis, if you wanted?'

Use 40+ times during lifetime: in ESPAD surveys.

Comparison between boys and girls for use 40+ times is limited, because numbers are often too small to be statistically significant.

(1) ESPAD 2007 and 2011 data for Belgium refer only to Flanders. ESPAD 2007 Germany figures are based in seven regions only (Bavaria, Brandenburg, Berlin, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saarland and Thuringia). ESPAD 2011 Germany figures are based in only five out of sixteen federal states (Bundesländer). ESPAD 2003 Turkey figures are based on one major city in each of 6 different regions (Adana, Ankara, Diyarbakir, Istanbul, Izmir and Samsun).

(2) Data has limited comparability due to methodological issues.

(3) Data included in 1995 ESPAD report but not strictly comparable (based on an earlier survey).

Source:

ESPAD (The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) is coordinated by the Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN)

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013