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Table EYE-22. All ESPAD school surveys: lifetime prevalence (percentages) of psychoactive substance use among students 15–16 years

Part (iii) Females

CountryYearSample 15–16 yearsCannabisInhalants/ volatile substancesAmphetaminesEcstasyLSD and other hallucinogensCocaineHeroin
Belgium2003120828524121
Belgium(1)200792019745341
Belgium(1)201182421654230
Bulgaria1999295711211113
Bulgaria2003144919322211
Bulgaria2007115018254121
Bulgaria2011108522473242
Czech Republic1995133618720211
Czech Republic1999:30663513
Czech Republic2003172340958511
Czech Republic2007204942734511
Czech Republic2011200737723511
Denmark1995125015610001
Denmark199991520832111
Denmark2003147418732121
Denmark(2)200746820545132
Denmark2011120214422121
Germany(1)20032685241164431
Germany(1)2007260917953231
Germany(1)2011151115831121
Estonia199516805700100
Estonia19991808866312:
Estonia2003121718785211
Estonia2007118619735321
Estonia20111252191333221
Ireland199594231:26911
Ireland19991169292124422
Ireland20031188392125241
Ireland20071218171624351
Ireland20111096151111121
Greece19951412243:100
Greece1999142271211111
Greece2003102051301110
Greece200716273711110
Greece2011298251411111
France(3)1995:1251:010
France199911103292212:
France(4)20031112351023131
France20071426281144253
France20111378391343253
Italy199558216623421
Italy1999242523521224
Italy2003257123522223
Italy2007464621533343
Italy2011237418212221
Cyprus19953402111111
Cyprus199911981:00001
Cyprus2003115321600000
Cyprus2007326031411111
Cyprus201121964521122
Latvia(2)1995:31900010
Latvia1999129612435316
Latvia2003146912733110
Latvia20071156131346321
Latvia20111288192444331
Lithuania1995169411400010
Lithuania199924306612113
Lithuania200325199441111
Lithuania2007123913222211
Lithuania2011123914721011
Hungary199513724501100
Hungary199931157323311
Hungary2003127913434211
Hungary2007146111734321
Hungary2011145518954321
Malta1995156371711110
Malta1999220071712111
Malta2003194381511012
Malta20071946111543241
Malta2011168981322121
Netherlands1999135924:23:20
Netherlands2003103424513231
Netherlands2007109726614321
Netherlands2011:21514211
Austria20031062181453221
Austria20071187151163231
Poland199543495820100
Poland1999::752214
Poland2003302513842121
Poland2007113211532221
Poland2011309518842231
Portugal199511815210000
Portugal199919377322102
Portugal2003155712633121
Portugal200716709321121
Portugal2011114013532332
Romania199914331100019
Romania200325482100010
Romania200712802411120
Romania201114917611221
Slovenia19951763121001111
Slovenia19991393231314222
Slovenia20031379261514111
Slovenia20071503201523232
Slovenia20111625211922231
Slovakia19951114650:000
Slovakia1999129315611202
Slovakia2003122022723210
Slovakia20071250281324321
Slovakia2011100523923321
Finland1995111854001:0
Finland199916409611111
Finland2003180411812101
Finland2007269171011111
Finland20111929101111111
Sweden199517255900100
Sweden199917306811111
Sweden200316406811100
Sweden200716296911121
Sweden2011125851111111
United Kingdom1995409238211271222
United Kingdom19991361321773343
United Kingdom2003985351335141
United Kingdom20071175281023241
United Kingdom(2)2011847231144241
Croatia1995129751412011
Croatia19991641131212115
Croatia20031438201434121
Croatia20071454161211111
Croatia20111522143121211
Turkey (Istanbul) 199511343310000
Turkey(1)200319042311111
Norway199519315711000
Norway1999181110522111
Norway200318889421111
Norway200717045611111
Norway201114404400000
 

Notes:

This table presents data on 15- to 16-year-old school students obtained from ESPAD surveys.

Caution is required comparing figures due to methodological limitations. For methods and definitions see Methods and definitions: youth and the schools population.

(1) ESPAD 2007 and 2011 data for Belgium refer only to Flanders. ESPAD 2007 Germany figures are based in seven regions only (Bavaria, Brandenburg, Berlin, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saarland and Thuringia). ESPAD 2011 Germany figures are based in only five out of sixteen federal states (Bundesländer). ESPAD 2003 Turkey figures are based on one major city in each of 6 different regions (Adana, Ankara, Diyarbakir, Istanbul, Izmir and Samsun).

(2) Data has limited comparability due to methodological issues.

(3) Data included in 1995 ESPAD report but not strictly comparable (based on an earlier survey).

(4) LSD and other hallucinogens: includes LSD only.

Source:

ESPAD (The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) is coordinated by the Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN)

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013