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Table EYE-22. All ESPAD school surveys: lifetime prevalence (percentages) of psychoactive substance use among students 15–16 years

Part (ii) Males

CountryYearSample 15–16 yearsCannabisInhalants/volatile substancesAmphetaminesEcstasyLSD and other hallucinogensCocaineHeroin
Belgium2003111237935432
Belgium(1)200796928856341
Belgium(1)201197428863341
Bulgaria1999243414422123
Bulgaria2003129123423222
Bulgaria2007120327478443
Bulgaria2011113225365442
Czech Republic1995162625820301
Czech Republic1999:40854711
Czech Republic2003147248938611
Czech Republic2007185248735511
Czech Republic2011190647823511
Denmark1995118920621002
Denmark199987530764111
Denmark2003150427953121
Denmark(2)200740932765131
Denmark201197922431021
Germany(1)20032402311253331
Germany(1)20072402241253221
Germany(1)20111285241353341
Estonia1995143810810110
Estonia199914461888432:
Estonia2003124628975321
Estonia20071186331146322
Estonia20111208291623221
Ireland199590742:4111623
Ireland19991108352246733
Ireland20031219381414221
Ireland20071003231433342
Ireland2011111122834331
Greece19951205384:111
Greece1999837181824333
Greece200388671702111
Greece20071433101143322
Greece20112926121532221
France(3)1995:13631221
France1999117438123422:
France(4)20031087421234132
France20071490351344264
France20111194391033342
Italy199594321944643
Italy1999168128733235
Italy2003230031834465
Italy2007533526654564
Italy2011246324423342
Cyprus19952927322222
Cyprus19998975:22223
Cyprus200399971901011
Cyprus2007308081744444
Cyprus20112047101065665
Latvia(2)1995:8151:100
Latvia199998822758436
Latvia2003137220833111
Latvia20071119241377522
Latvia20111334292345543
Lithuania1995150221800010
Lithuania19992609171326215
Lithuania2003251718663322
Lithuania2007117224345321
Lithuania2011123725633332
Hungary199511995710101
Hungary1999330516634412
Hungary2003139818633211
Hungary2007135616945322
Hungary20111608211164332
Malta19951269101712221
Malta1999212171523111
Malta20031557131611111
Malta20071722151864341
Malta20111688121544352
Netherlands1999125632:3541
Netherlands2003106132726332
Netherlands200799431625331
Netherlands2011:34824332
Austria20031340231443221
Austria20071384191783332
Poland19954494121131211
Poland1999::1083527
Poland20032930231063322
Poland200798822855333
Poland2011283828843332
Portugal19958529431101
Portugal1999167212453113
Portugal20031389181035332
Portugal2007147117533233
Portugal201182521743322
Romania19999602200018
Romania200318234211011
Romania200710095412110
Romania201112797923321
Slovenia19951543141412211
Slovenia19991791271514312
Slovenia20031406311503111
Slovenia20071582241623232
Slovenia20111561262122232
Slovakia1995126212810111
Slovakia1999114924812413
Slovakia20031056321023211
Slovakia20071218371327432
Slovakia20111004311025422
Finland199511825500100
Finland1999164610511100
Finland2003173911811101
Finland2007229781112111
Finland2011181512922221
Sweden1995174671511111
Sweden1999171511922212
Sweden200315929812211
Sweden200715509923222
Sweden20111311111112121
United Kingdom1995363044201591732
United Kingdom19991280391483533
United Kingdom20031083411225341
United Kingdom2007100430825351
United Kingdom(2)201186528945252
Croatia19951518131313211
Croatia19991961181524314
Croatia20031446241425210
Croatia20071554211122221
Croatia20111480212523322
Turkey (Istanbul) 199515025511112
Turkey(1)200322736533222
Norway199519797723222
Norway1999198014633222
Norway200319459622111
Norway200717787811121
Norway201114986511110
 

Notes:

This table presents data on 15- to 16-year-old school students obtained from ESPAD surveys.

Caution is required comparing figures due to methodological limitations. For methods and definitions see Methods and definitions: youth and the schools population.

(1) ESPAD 2007 and 2011 data for Belgium refer only to Flanders. ESPAD 2007 Germany figures are based in seven regions only (Bavaria, Brandenburg, Berlin, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saarland and Thuringia). ESPAD 2011 Germany figures are based in only five out of sixteen federal states (Bundesländer). ESPAD 2003 Turkey figures are based on one major city in each of 6 different regions (Adana, Ankara, Diyarbakir, Istanbul, Izmir and Samsun).

(2) Data has limited comparability due to methodological issues.

(3) Data included in 1995 ESPAD report but not strictly comparable (based on an earlier survey).

(4) LSD and other hallucinogens: includes LSD only.

Source:

ESPAD (The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) is coordinated by the Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN)

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013