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Table EYE-22. All ESPAD school surveys: lifetime prevalence (percentages) of psychoactive substance use among students 15–16 years

Part (i) All students

CountryYearSample 15–16 yearsCannabisInhalants/volatile substancesAmphetaminesEcstasyLSD and other hallucinogensCocaineHeroin
Belgium2003232032724331
Belgium(1)2007188924855341
Belgium(1)2011179824754341
Bulgaria1999539112311113
Bulgaria2003274021323221
Bulgaria2007235322366332
Bulgaria2011221724474342
Czech Republic1995296222820211
Czech Republic1999357935754513
Czech Republic2003319544948611
Czech Republic2007390145735511
Czech Republic2011391342823511
Denmark1995243917621202
Denmark1999179024743111
Denmark2003297823842121
Denmark(2)200787725655132
Denmark2011218118421121
Germany(1)20035110271153321
Germany(1)20075011201153231
Germany(1)20112796191042231
Estonia199531187800100
Estonia199932541377322:
Estonia2003246323875211
Estonia2007237226946321
Estonia20112460241533221
Ireland1995184937:391322
Ireland19992277322235522
Ireland20032407391815231
Ireland20072221201534341
Ireland2011220718922231
Greece19952617264:100
Greece1999225991412212
Greece2003190661502111
Greece200730606932211
Greece2011590881422211
France(3)1995:1262:111
France19992284351123121
France(4)20032199381123132
France20072916311244253
France20112572391243342
Italy1995155519834532
Italy1999410625622224
Italy2003487127633344
Italy2007998123543453
Italy2011483721322332
Cyprus19956325312222
Cyprus199920952:11112
Cyprus2003215241802000
Cyprus2007634051633232
Cyprus201142437843443
Latvia(2)1995217951700100
Latvia1999228417646327
Latvia2003284116733111
Latvia20072275181367421
Latvia20112622242344442
Lithuania1995319611600010
Lithuania19995039121024114
Lithuania2003503613552211
Lithuania2007241118333221
Lithuania2011247620732222
Hungary199525714600100
Hungary1999642111423311
Hungary2003267716533211
Hungary2007281713845321
Hungary20113063191064322
Malta1995283281712221
Malta1999432171612111
Malta20033500101611111
Malta20073668131654241
Malta20113377101433241
Netherlands1999261528:2431
Netherlands2003209528615231
Netherlands2007209128624331
Netherlands2011:27714221
Austria20032402211443221
Austria(5)20072571171483231
Poland199589408921211
Poland1999::973425
Poland2003596418953222
Poland2007212016644222
Poland2011593323842332
Portugal199520337321000
Portugal199936098332113
Portugal2003294615834232
Portugal2007314113422122
Portugal2011196516633332
Romania199923931100018
Romania200343713101010
Romania200722894411120
Romania201127707722221
Slovenia19953306131201111
Slovenia19993184251414212
Slovenia20032785281513111
Slovenia20073085221623232
Slovenia20113186232022231
Slovakia199523769610111
Slovakia1999244219712302
Slovakia2003227627923210
Slovakia20072468321326431
Slovakia20112009271024422
Finland199523005400100
Finland1999328610511111
Finland2003354311811101
Finland2007498881012111
Finland20113744111011111
Sweden1995347261211100
Sweden199934458811111
Sweden200332327812111
Sweden200731797922221
Sweden2011256991112111
United Kingdom1995772241201381432
United Kingdom19992641351583533
United Kingdom20032068381235241
United Kingdom2007217929924351
United Kingdom(2)20111712251044252
Croatia1995281591312111
Croatia19993602161323214
Croatia20032884221425111
Croatia20073008181122221
Croatia20113002182822221
Turkey (Istanbul) 199526364411111
Turkey(1)200341774422222
Norway199539106712111
Norway1999391812632224
Norway200338339522111
Norway200734826711111
Norway201129385511110
 

Notes:

This table presents data on 15- to 16-year-old school students obtained from ESPAD surveys.

Caution is required comparing figures due to methodological limitations. For methods and definitions see Methods and definitions: youth and the schools population.

(1) ESPAD 2007 and 2011 data for Belgium refer only to Flanders. ESPAD 2007 Germany figures are based in seven regions only (Bavaria, Brandenburg, Berlin, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saarland and Thuringia). ESPAD 2011 Germany figures are based in only five out of sixteen federal states (Bundesländer). ESPAD 2003 Turkey figures are based on one major city in each of 6 different regions (Adana, Ankara, Diyarbakir, Istanbul, Izmir and Samsun).

(2) Data has limited comparability due to methodological issues.

(3) Data included in 1995 ESPAD report but not strictly comparable (based on an earlier survey).

(4) LSD and other hallucinogens: includes LSD only.

(5) The prevalence rate of amphetamine use in Austria has to be interpreted very cautiously because there are problems with data quality. A validation study found out, that the pupils mixed up amphetamines with energy drinks in several cases.

Source:

ESPAD (The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) is coordinated by the Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN)

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013