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Table EYE-0. School surveys: Sources

InternationalESPAD figures are taken directly from the 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2011 ESPAD reports: ‘the European school survey project on alcohol and other drugs’, the Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN) at www.espad.org
InternationalHBSC (WHO) figures for cannabis in 2001/02, 2005/06 are taken directly from the international coordinator: Currie, C. et al. HBSC International Report WHO survey. Other drug use estimates from this survey are based on an extended questionnaire module and reported through the Reitox Standard table 2 at www.hbsc.org
Belgium (Flemish )(1)Kinable, H (2000) Bevraging van Vlaamse leerlingen in het kader van een drugbeleid op school : syntheserapport januari-juni 1999
Bulgaria(1)National Representative Survey "Use of Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs among Bulgarian School Students (Grades 9-12)", 2011
Greece(1)Kokkevi, A., Stefanis, C., University Mental Health Research Institute, 1994.
Spain(1)Delegación del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas. Observatorio Español sobre Drogas. Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo. Encuesta sobre drogas a la población escolar 1996 http://www.pnsd.msc.es/Categoria2/observa/estudios/drogas/home.htm
France(1)Choquet, M., Ledoux, S., 1994, Adolescents, enquête nationale, Paris, Les éditions INSERM.
Italy(1)Mariani, F., National Research Council — the ESPAD project in Italy.
Cyprus(1)Use of licit and illicit drugs by students of public Lyceums in Cyprus 2003-2004, Ministry of Culture and Education - Educational Psychology Services. Principal investigators: Papadopoulos M., Constantinopoulos C.
Luxembourg(1)Fischer, U., CH., Cannabis — eine Analyse der aktuellen Situation, CePT, Luxembourg, 2000.
Hungary(1)Elekes Zsuzsanna: Egy változó kor változó ifjúsága. Fiatalok alkohol- és egyéb drogfogyasztása Magyarországon – ESPAD 2007. Szakmai Forrás Sorozat, Kutatások 12. L’Harmattan, Bp., 200
Netherlands(1)De Zwart, W. et al., Key data; smoking, drinking, drug use and gambling among pupils aged 10 years and older, Trimbos Institute, 1997.
Austria(1)Springer, A., Uhl, A. and Widensky, K., Schüler und Drogen in Österreich: Wissen, Erfahrungen, Einstellungen’, Wiener Zeitschrift für Suchtforschung, Nr. 1/2 1996, pp. 3–21.
Poland (1)Sieroslawski, J. (2005), ‘Uzywanie alkoholu i narkotyków przez mlodziez szkolna, Raport z ogólnopolskich badan ankietowych zrealizowanych w 2005 roku. Available in Polish: http://www.narkomania.gov.pl (accessed 28.4.08).
Portugal(1)Estudo sobre Álcool, Tabaco e Drogas/2011 (ECATD/2011)
Slovakia(1)Nociar, A. (2007) ‘Tobacco, alcohol and drugs’, Representative survey among primary school pupils in Slovakia.
Sweden(1)Barbro, A.(1999) Skolelevers drogvanor 1998 : tabeller med sammanfattande kommentarer : resultat från riksundersökningen i årskurs 7 och 9 1998. Stockholm : Centralförb. för alkohol- och narkotikaupplysning (CAN)
United Kingdom(1)Balding, J., ‘Young people in 1997: the health-related behaviour questionnaire results for 37 538 pupils between the ages 9 and 16‘, Schools Health Education Unit, Exeter University, Exeter, 1998.
UK (England)(1):
UK (Scotland)(1)‘Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in Scotland’, Scottish Government, 1998.
UK (Northern Ireland)(1)Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, Central Survey Unit, Young Persons’ Behaviour and Attitudes Survey (YPBAS) 2007
United States of America(1)Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2006). Monitoring the Future national results on adolescent drug use: Overview of key findings, 2005. (NIH Publication No. 06-5882). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.

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