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Table DRD-4. Number of drug-induced deaths recorded in EU according to EMCDDA standard definition 'Selection D', 1995–2011

Country19951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011
Belgium::::::::::::::::
Bulgaria::::::7933563636184732332125
Czech Republic(1):::6179808444555762424044495528
Denmark::216:::201198198211202221205195206204218
Germany::::::::::::::::
Estonia::::::::::::::::
Ireland:::104115113109127108128171189208215216164:
Greece17622223224526530432125921725532525320614363108119
Spain(2)371381321271258254240204274212237218188139181182
France(3):3511841138598101827958::::::
Italy119515661160108010021016825520517653653551606517484374362
Cyprus:::::::::149712111298
Latvia::::115525154453925475346432926
Lithuania::::2323231931:::::::
Luxembourg2217916172618111413::::::
Hungary:524731423840:323428252527311714
Malta235645855775::7:
Netherlands::::::::::::::::
Austria(4)170191136109128167139139163185191197175169187170201
Poland::::::::::::::::
Portugal:::::::::::::94565219
Romania:::::0123776213233323415
Slovenia::::::::::::::::
Slovakia:::::::::2317201725222016
Finland30314251879660666774728894112105132
Sweden::::::::::::::::
United Kingdom::::::::::::::::
Croatia::::::::::::::::
Turkey::::::::::::147159153126104
Norway132184177270220327338210172223184195200179183:
 

Notes:

See: Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions, the EMCDDA definitions.

Absolute numbers from different countries are not directly comparable since differences remain in quality of recording methods.

(1) National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases.

(2) Data refer to the six major cities (Based on SEIT information system): Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza, Sevilla and Bilbao. Between 1997 and 2000 data for Sevilla are not included. In 2003 and 2004 data for Zaragoza are not included.

(3) Based on information from OCRTIS.

(4) In the year 2008 the number cases on which no autopsy has been performed tripled (up to 32 cases) and was still 19 in 2009 and is 17 for 2010 in comparison with previous years.

Sources:

Reitox national reports 2012, taken from national special registries (forensic or police).

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The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013