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Table DRD-2. Number of drug-induced deaths recorded in EU according to national definitions

Part (iv) Total drug-induced deaths under the age of 25 years, 1995–2011

Country19951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011
Belgium4237341023::::11169:17:::
Bulgaria4259182616631121102217835
Czech Republic(1)::::::39151915201012911115
Denmark::::::::::112014231512:
Germany11097115114139124908925119615716214011110710265
Estonia::1013152657164826302414261816
Ireland:::41454122343136494254413133:
Greece(2)971121261451691191109613119414610410563254110
Spain(3)463034312820171441201099104:
Spain(4)::::919887685651463841413120:
France:::::3330374337443243414433:
Italy22427019913612413210159607960505757493940
Cyprus:::::::::43441111
Latvia:01116232319265755632
Lithuania04601216109161091315116137
Luxembourg56213834013542451
Hungary:141921211717:12115337414
Malta01223211211332121
Netherlands:661391614567171177766
Austria6469504038524138578076917067574861
Poland::5354487660756549564036473439:
Portugal:::::::::::::4111
Romania::::::63655131215993
Slovenia::712998109810758813
Slovakia:::::::::118463330
Finland1215132039492823262422362832252832
Sweden510121423373737263225233627443734
United Kingdom (DSD)(5)330337422407411360391410321306249263304319265227187
Croatia:::1318202618182210142518543
Turkey::::::::::182820252224
Norway:171627295271383139403538282925:
Totals893997108910801301132512571151120712941140107911131037856765:
 

Notes:

Absolute numbers from different countries are not directly comparable since differences remain in case definition and recording methods.

The national definitions used to report to the EMCDDA and the methods used are described in Drug-related deaths – methods and definitions.

National definitions usually refer to acute deaths directly related to drug consumption (‘overdoses’, ‘poisonings’ or ‘drug-induced’). Note that, in a few countries, the figures include also a limited number of cases of deaths indirectly related to drug use (e.g. AIDS, accidents with positive toxicology). See Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions. Note in addition that in some countries, statistics published at national level may differ from those presented here owing to differences of case definition used at national level.

(1) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases.

(2) Data from Greece refers to deaths under the age of 31. Only for years 2000–02 these numbers refer to deaths under the age of 25 years old.

(3) Data refer to the six major cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza, Sevilla and Bilbao. Between 1997 and 2000 data for Sevilla are not included. In 2003 and 2004 data for Zaragoza are not included.

(4) Data refer to the whole country.

(5) United Kingdom (DSD): Figures from the Drug Strategy Definition (DSD) of drug-induced deaths: it is an extract from the ONS definition that includes cases with drugs controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971. For details refer to the Methods and Definitions Summary document in this Statistical bulletin. The DSD definition is relatively similar to the EMCDDA definition for general mortality registries(Selection B).

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

Sources:

Reitox national reports 2012, taken from national mortality registries or special registries (forensic or police). Based on ‘National definitions’ as presented in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

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The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013