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Table DRD-2. Number of drug-induced deaths recorded in EU according to national definitions

Part (iii) Female drug-induced deaths, 1995–2011

Country19951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011
Belgium372926820::::142824:19:::
Bulgaria2:2663622583818573
Czech Republic(1)::::::141371166381065
Denmark65656769606568:::466061546146:
Germany254238250258294318289237231204201206203191199176144
Estonia::1146655105977131215
Ireland:::17143128383032474342464832:
Greece14202329201921171821262713558:
Spain(2)57564837383844264539424426213444:
Spain(3)::::97869990811021128957707663:
France70574318245662574857626369836691:
Italy1131388896105858842635151596055444248
Cyprus:::::::::11111120
Latvia::::1327133237112
Lithuania268856547525104658
Luxembourg54312732230173403
Hungary:1988675:665228331
Malta::::1102011211110
Netherlands1925201620273224252033312426252428
Austria2926231534352225303843423935373044
Poland645688961131291101389088118967710273101:
Portugal:::::::::::::7263
Romania:::::020111112143
Slovenia::3424137268117345
Slovakia:::::::::47325542
Finland1445302332253228253931312749453941
Sweden1424172423333435422440365658637174
United Kingdom (DSD)(4)316298325376369335432418390392435432423559519538588
Croatia:::24372511581173914
Turkey::::::::::161082075
Norway:273050576376606283586458536367:
Totals1018107710551125131313471444124911781228138113541276149013821392:
 

Notes:

Absolute numbers from different countries are not directly comparable since differences remain in case definition and recording methods.

The national definitions used to report to the EMCDDA and the methods used are described in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

National definitions usually refer to acute deaths directly related to drug consumption (‘overdoses’, ‘poisonings’ or ‘drug-induced’). Note that, in a few countries, the figures include also a limited number of cases of deaths indirectly related to drug use (e.g. AIDS, accidents with positive toxicology). See Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions. Note in addition that in some countries, statistics published at national level may differ from those presented here, owing to differences of case definition used at national level.

(1) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases.

(2) Data refer to the six major cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza, Sevilla and Bilbao. Between 1997 and 2000 data for Sevilla are not included. In 2003 and 2004, data for Zaragoza are not included.

(3) Data refer to the whole country.

(4) United Kingdom (DSD): Figures from the Drug Strategy Definition (DSD) of drug-induced deaths: it is an extract from the ONS definition that includes cases with drugs controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971. For details refer to the Methods and definitions summary document in this Statistical bulletin. The DSD definition is relatively similar to the EMCDDA definition for general mortality registries(Selection B).

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

Sources:

Reitox national reports 2012, taken from national mortality registries or special registries (forensic or police). Based on ‘National definitions’ as presented in Drug-related deaths – methods and definitions.

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The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013