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Table DRD-2. Number of drug-induced deaths recorded in EU according to national definitions

Part (ii) Male drug-induced deaths, 1995–2011

Country19951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011
Belgium95108974093::::607762:127:::
Bulgaria1711141522381811132132264456333422
Czech Republic(1)::::::7031484656363336394923
Denmark149177189174157175153:::161167153154161158:
Germany1293144712231401151317121537126312311162111510811166122011121042837
Estonia::361825398131885259746012089108
Ireland:::871018281897896124146166169168132:
Greece16220220921624528530024219923429922619313858100:
Spain(2)314325272234220215196175229173195174147113147138:
Spain(3)::::664619567577562577553429462470366330:
France39533618512594191210185183210239242264291299301:
Italy108214281072984897931737478454602602492546462440332314
Cyprus:::::::::138611101178
Latvia:153313934281111111517171869
Lithuania717262432393029333329576256624637
Luxembourg17136151519159121081820710123
Hungary:333923363135:262823232319281413
Malta125545765575107544
Netherlands518388949510411279791078981751031147075
Austria1411651139494132117114133147148155136134150140157
Poland111123165139179181184186187143172145137142174160:
Portugal:::::::::::::85504616
Romania:::::0103665203131313012
Slovenia::101521152023152330313129252119
Slovakia:::::::::1910171520171614
Finland37626861871097869769695107116120130117156
Sweden5698116114134161170168146146146136176183204201165
United Kingdom (DSD)(4)10251142122713501577158317331616139814851545160418082010196217961662
Croatia:::32444857505277796410480586445
Turkey::::::::::254513715113311999
Norway:168155224180297322231193220176187217210222181:
Totals4639561650155241633368216636556851715665589156376090644660675498:
 

Notes:

A longer time series, dating back to 1985 for reporting countries, is available in the Supplementary tables section of this Statistical bulletin.

Absolute numbers from different countries are not directly comparable since differences remain in case definition and recording methods.

The national definitions used to report to the EMCDDA and the methods used are described in Drug-related deaths – methods and definitions.

National definitions usually refer to acute deaths directly related to drug consumption (‘overdoses’, ‘poisonings’ or ‘drug-induced’). Note that, in a few countries, the figures include also a limited number of cases of deaths indirectly related to drug use (e.g. AIDS, accidents with positive toxicology). See Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions. Note in addition that in some countries, statistics published at national level may differ from those presented here, owing to differences of case definition used at national level.

(1) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases.

(2) Data refer to the six major cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza, Sevilla and Bilbao. Between 1997 and 2000 data for Sevilla are not included. In 2003 and 2004 data for Zaragoza are not included.

(3) Data refer to the whole country.

(4) United Kingdom (DSD): Figures from the Drug Strategy Definition (DSD) of drug-induced deaths: it is an extract from the ONS definition that includes cases with drugs controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971. For details, refer to the Methods and Definitions Summary document in this Statistical bulletin. The DSD definition is relatively similar to the EMCDDA definition for general mortality registries(Selection B).

See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.

Sources:

Reitox national reports 2012, taken from national mortality registries or special registries (forensic or police). Based on ‘National definitions’ as presented in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.

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The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Read more >>

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Page last updated: Friday, 26 April 2013